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Chapter 4 Review

Review questions from the lawyer's assistant handbook

TermDefinition
Application a program or piece of software designed and written to fulfill a particular purpose of the user
Backup the procedure for making extra copies of data in case the original is lost or damaged
Case Management/Electronic Case Filing (CM/ECF) is a collaborative process that assesses, plans, implements, coordinates, monitors, and evaluates the options and services required to meet the client's health and human service needs
CD-ROM Holds 650 megabytes, are necessary to run or execute multimedia software.
Central Processing Unit Computer systems are comprised of hardware (the physical components) and software (the instructions that operate the computer), Hardware and software are linked by the operations and calculation performed by the CPU
Database a structured set of data held in a computer, especially one that is accessible in various ways
Database Management System Software that handles the storage, retrieval, and updating of data in a computer system.
Data source A name given to the connection set up to a database from a server. The name is commonly used when creating a query to the database.
Document Management System a system (based on computer programs in the case of the management of digital documents) used to track and store documents. It is usually also capable of keeping track of the different versions modified by different users (history tracking).
Electronic Filing (eFiling) The process of submitting tax returns over the Internet, using tax preparation software that has been pre-approved by the relevant tax authority
Email messages distributed by electronic means from one computer user to one or more recipients via a network
Field a particular branch of study or sphere of activity or interest.
Fonts style or design of a collection of letters, numerals, symbols and punctuation marks.
Footers Are used in pleadings to place the title and page number of the pleadings on each page.
Graphical User Interface a visual way of interacting with a computer using items such as windows, icons, and menus, used by most modern operating systems.
Hardware Hardware includes the keyboard, monitor, printer, and the case or chassis. Inside the case are key components such as the power supply, memory, and hard drives. Hardware is general input devices, output devices, and memory components.
Headers Place text and graphics at the top of each page
Input Device A means of getting information or data from the operator into the computer. Keyboards, mice, scanners, touch screen monitors, and voice recognition systems are all input devices.
Justification the action or manner of justifying a line of type or piece of text
Links
Local Area Network (LAN) a computer network that links devices within a building or group of adjacent buildings
Macro(s) a single instruction that expands automatically into a set of instructions to perform a particular task
Mainframe Computers Large, very expensive , high- speed machines that require trained operators and special temperature environments.
Malware software that is intended to damage or disable computers and computer systems
Metadata a set of data that describes and gives information about other data
Microcomputers Small sized computers known as personal or desktop computers (PCs)
Minicomputers Midsized, powerful, computers often used as network servers. Large law firms that have branch offices and desire to share data and programs generally use these computers.
Open Codes
Operating System Usually installed in the computer at the time of purchase, it must be in place before other software can be operated. The operating systems tells the computer how to store a file, control information, coordinated output/input devices, and other tasks.
Optical Character Recognition the identification of printed characters using photoelectric devices and computer software
Output Device is any piece of computer hardware equipment used to communicate the results of data processing carried out by an information processing system (such as a computer) which converts the electronically generated information into human-readable form
Paired Codes
Peripherals Things such as printers and scanners.
Portable Computers A computer that is designed to be moved from one place to another and includes a display and keyboard.
Record set down in writing or some other permanent form for later reference, especially officially
Redline (Backlines)
Repetitive Stress Injury (RSI) An injury that occurs due to recurrent overuse or improper use. One of the best-known repetitive
Software A set of instructions written by programmers that directs the computer to manipulate or change data to accomplish the program's function, contains instructions that connect and coordinate hardware to software, transforms a computer into a practical tool.
Styles Can help give a professional look to a document
Track Pad Is often found on laptops and allows fingertips control of cursor movement.
Trackball A pointing device with a ball on top that is rolled with the fingertips to move the cursor while the base of the trackball device remains stationary. It reduces strain on the operator's wrist and hands and requires less desk space to control the cursor.
Uniform Resource Locator (URL) a location or address identifying where documents can be found on the Internet.
USB Drives Also known as a flash drive or keychain drive -- is a plug-and-play portable storage device that uses flash memory and is lightweight enough to attach to a key chain.
Virus a piece of code that is capable of copying itself and typically has a detrimental effect, such as corrupting the system or destroying data.
Web Browser a software application for retrieving, presenting and traversing information resources on the World Wide Web.
Webcam Cameras that send live images over the internet or capture video to file. Some law firms use them for video conferencing.
Web Page or Website a hypertext document connected to the World Wide Web.
Wide Area Network (WAN) a computer network in which the computers connected may be far apart, generally having a radius of half a mile or more.
Zip Drive Small portable drives which hold 100 megabytes of data, approximately equal to the storage capacity of 70 floppy disks
Created by: JessN98