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Nals Ch4&5 675804


Application Term used to refer to the specific uses of a computer and the jobs it can perform
Backup A second copy of computer data made to avoid date loss in the even of a computer
Byte A unit that measures. A kilobyte(KB) is one thousand bytes: a mega byte(MG)is one million bytes; a gigabyte (GB) is one billion bytes
Case Management/Electronic case filing The electronic filing system used in the federal court system
CD-ROM Compact Disk-Read Only Memory
Central Processing Unit (CPU) The part of a computer system where all computations, sorting, selecting, and data manipulation take place; oversees the use of the main memory and monitors input and output operations
Database A compilation of data fields and records that is collected, stored, and organize data for later retrieval through sorting, searches, queries, etc
Database management system Software that is used to collect, store, and organize data into a database
Data Source is a name given to the connection set up to a database from a server. The name is commonly used when creating a query to the database. The database source name (DSN) does not have to be the same as the filename for the database.
Document management system A computerized mechanism for naming, storing, and labeling documents for ease and accuracy of later retrieval
Electronic filing(efiling) he process of submitting tax returns over the Internet, using tax preparation software that has been pre-approved by the relevant tax authority, such as the IRS or the Canada Revenue Agency.
Email The system of delivering and receiving messages electronically using a modem or router, telephone line or cable, and communications
Field a particular branch of study or sphere of activity or interest.
Fonts The different ways words or letter can look
Footers a line or block of text appearing at the foot of each page of a book or document
Graphical user interface A system using icons and pictures to display menus and choices on a computer
Hardware The physical elements of a computer, such as keyboard, monitor, printer, case or chassis, modem, scanner, and joy stick
Headers a headlong fall or dive.
Input Device keyboard, mouse, optical, character reader, imaging, scanner, and voice recognition system
Justification the action of showing something to be right or reasonable
Links Web addresses that contain an activated linkage to another location or website on the Internet
Local area Network (LAN) The linking of computers within close proximity, i.e., in the same building
Macro(s) a single instruction that expands automatically into a set of instructions to perform a particular task.
Mainframe Computers Large, very expensive, high speed machines that require trained operators and special temperature environments, used for scientific and engineering computation
Malware A general term referring to problems that can be transmitted from computer to computer through email or internet access, such as viruses, Trojans, and keyboard scanners
Metadata Data stored in a computer that shows who created, accessed, or revised a document, what changes were made and by whom, and the dates and times when all of this occurred.
Microcomputers Small sized computers often called personal or desktop computers(PCs)
Minicomputers Mid-sized , powerful computers often used as network servers
Open codes Codes that are invoked once to create a change in line spacing, margins, tab settings , font changes, justification, and page numbering
Operating Character Recognition (OCR) A scanner that converts an image into a character based text file
Output Device Computer peripherals such as monitors and printers
Paired Codes Codes that are turned on and off to invoke changes such as underlining, bold face, italics, and style and affect only the text appearing between the paired codes
Peripherals Devices that are connected to a computer, such as terminals, tape drives, disk drives, modems and printer
Portable Computers Notebooks, laptops, handheld, tablet, and even smartphones qualify as portable computers
Record a thing constituting a piece of evidence about the past, especially an account of an act or occurrence kept in writing or some other permanent form
Redline(Blacklines) refuse (a loan or insurance) to someone because they live in an area deemed to be a poor financial risk.
Repetitive Stress injury(RSI) An injury caused by physical strain due to repetitive movement; carpal tunnel is a common RSI
Software All programs needed to instruct, control , and operate the hardware of a computer system such as flowcharts , manuals, programs, routines, training, and the like
Styles designate with a particular name, description, or title.
Track Pad A device found on many laptop that allows fingerprint control of cursor movement
Trackball A device with a ball on top that is rolled with the fingertips to move the cursor, while the base of the device remains stationary
Uniform Resources Locator (URL) The address at which an internet site can be located
USB drives Sometimes called memory sticks, flash drives, or thumb drives, these drives plug into USB drives on a computer and contain memory that functions like a hard drive
Virus Computer code that can be copied into an existing computer program and make itself known by impeding correct functions of the program
Web Browser A program that allows a computer user to explore the internet
Webcam a small inexpensive device that function like a camera, with its images being sent over the Internet
Webpage or Website A individual page/ site found on the internet
Wide Area Network (WAN) The linking of computers that are located far apart, i.e, in different cites, through cables, fiber optics, or satellites
Zip Drive A portable computer drive, now nearly obsolete due to the common usage of recordable CD's and DVDs
Accounting Equation
Balance offset or compare the value of (one thing) with another.
Bank Draft A check issued by a bank upon its funds in another bank usually located in another city
Blank Endorsement Check endorsement consisting of only the endorsers signature
Block billings Refers to the practice of grouping all time spent on a project during the course of a day into one entry, regardless of the number of variety of tasks performed
Cashiers check A check drawn by a bank on its own funds
certified check a check issued by a bank that reduces the drawers account by the amount by the amount of the check. The bank holds those funds for payment of the check and becomes responsible for its payments
Circular E-The Employer Tax Guide
Credit the ability of a customer to obtain goods or services before payment, based on the trust that payment will be made in the future.
Debit an entry recording an amount owed, listed on the left-hand side or column of an account.
Drawee Person to whom a check is written
Drawer Person by whom a check is written and upon whose funds the check is drawn
Employer Identification Number A number assigned to an employer by the Internal Revenue Service that must be used on all reports submitter to the IRS
Fair Labor Standards Act s one of the most important laws for employers to understand since it sets out a wide array of regulations for dealing with employees.
For deposit only
Matters A term that refers to an individual piece of legal work for a given client; clients may have only one matter or many
Money Order a printed order for payment of a specified sum, issued by a bank or post office.
Payee Person to whom a promissory note, bank draft or check is issued
payroll records A company's financial list of the salaries, wages, bonuses, net pay, and deductions of their employees
payroll register is a hard copy or electronic spreadsheet listing important employee payroll information for specific payroll periods
Principal Amount a borrower promises to pay that is written on the face of a note
Pro Bono described legal work or services performed free of charge
Reconciliation To bring a bank statement and a check register into agreement
retainer An advantage payment made to cover anticipated work or costs
WIth holding taxes the amount of an employee's pay withheld by the employer and sent directly to the government as partial payment of income tax.
Written down a deposition session that is conducted by way of written questions rather than live questioning
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