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NALS CH 4 897586


Application Term used to refer to the specific uses of a computer and the jobs it can perform.
Backup A second copy of computer data made to avoid date loss in the even of a computer outage.
Byte A unit that measures data.
Case Management/Electronic Case Filing (CM/ECF) The electronic filing system used in the federal court system.
Central Processing Unit (CPU) The part of a computer system where all computations, sorting, selecting, and data manipulation take place; oversees the use of the main memory and monitors input and output operations
Database A group of data fields and records that is collected, stored, and organized for later retrieval through sorting, searches, and queries.
Database management system Software that is used to collect, store, and organize data into a database.
Data Source A name given to the connection set up to a database from a server.
Document Management System A computerized mechanism for naming, storing, and labeling documents for ease and accuracy of later retrieval.
Electronic filing (E-Filing) Is a system used by courts, government agencies, attorneys, and the public to reduce paperwork and electronically file documents over the internet using a standard web browser.
Email The system of delivering and receiving messages electronically.
Fonts The style or design of a collection of letters, numerals, symbols, and punctuation marks.
Footers Used in pleadings to place the title and page number of the pleading on each page, in wills and other estate planning documents.
Graphical user interface A system using icons and pictures to displays menus and choices on a computer.
Hardware The physical elements of a computer, such as a keyboard, monitor, printer, case or chassis, modem, scanner and joy stick.
Headers Headers place text and graphics at the top of each page, and footers place text and graphics at the bottom of each page.
Input device Keyboard, mouse, optical character reader, imaging scanner, and voice recognition system.
Justification Refers to the four types of text alignment
Links Web addresses that contain an activated linkage to another location or website on the Internet.
Local Area Network (LAN) The linking of computers within close proximity.
Macro(s) A single instruction that expands automatically into a set of instructions to perform a particular task.
Mainframe computers Large, very expensive, high speed machines that require trained operators and special temperature environments, used for scientific and engineering computations.
Malware A general term referring to problems that can be transmitted from computer to computer.
Metadata A set of data that describes and gives information about other data.
Microcomputers Small-sized computers often called personal or desktop computers.
Minicomputers Mid-sized, powerful computers often used as network servers.
Open Codes Codes that are invoked once to create a change in line, spacing, margins, tab settings, font changes, justification, and page numbering.
Operating system Software that controls the flow of information to and from the central processing unit and to and from the input/output devices.
Optical Character Recognition (OCR) A scanner that converts an image into a character based text file.
Output device Computer peripherals such as monitors and printers.
Paired Codes Codes that are turn on and off to invoke changes such as underlining, bold face, italics, and styles and affect only the text appearing between the paired codes.
Peripherals Devices that are connected to a computer, such as terminals, tape drives, disk drives, modems, and printers.
Portable Computers Notebooks, laptops, handheld, tablet, and even smart phones qualify as portable computers.
Record A history of something.
Redline (Blacklines)
Repetitive Strain Injury (RSI) An injury caused by physical strain due to repetitive movement; carpal tunnel is a common RSI
Software All programs needed to instruct, control, and operate the hardware of a computer system such as flowcharts, manuals, programs, routines, training and the like.
Track Pad A device found on many laptops that allows fingertip control of cursor movement.
Trackball A device with a ball on top that is rolled with the fingertips to move the cursor, while the base of the device remains stationary.
Uniform Resource Locator (URL) The address at which and Internet site can be located.
USB Drives Memory Sticks, Flash Drives, Thumb Drives. They contain memory when plugged into a computer like a hard drive.
Virus Computer code that can be copied into an existing computer program and make itself known by impeding correct function of the program.
Web Browser A program that allows a computer user to explore the Internet.
Web Cam A small inexpensive device that functions like a camera, with its images being sent over the Internet.
Web Page or Website A page found on an Internet Site.
Wide Area Network The linking of computers that are located far apart.
Zip Drive A portable computer drive, now nearly obsolete due to the common usage of recordable CDs and DVDs.
Created by: Jonay