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NALS CH.4_500801

TermDefinition
Application refers to the specific uses of a computer and the jobs it can perform.
Backup A second copy of computer data made to avoid data loss in the even of the computer.
Byte a unit that measures data.
Case management/electronic case filing the electronic filing system used in the federal court system.
CD-ROM compact disk-read only memory.
Central processing unit the part of a computer system where all computations, sorting, selecting, and data manipulation take place; oversees the use of the main memory and monitors input and output operations.
Database a compilation of data fields and records that is collected, stored, and organized for later retrieval through sorting, searches, queries, etc.
Database management system software that is used to collect, store, and organize data into a database.
Data source connection set up to a database from a server.
Document management system a computerized mechanism for naming, storing, and labeling documents for ease and accuracy of later retrieval.
Electronic filing The process of submitting tax returns over the Internet.
Email the system of delivering and receiving messages electronically using a modem or router, telephone line or cable, and communications software.
Field a particular branch of study or sphere of activity or interest.
Fonts styling of words typed.
Footers a line or block of text appearing at the foot of each page of a book or document.
Graphical user interface a system using icons and pictures to display menus and choices on a computer
Hardware the physical elements of a computer, such as a keyboard, monitor, printer, case or chassis, modem, scanner, and joy stick.
Headers something that goes in front of something else
Input device keyboard, mouse, optical character reader, imaging scanner, and voice recognition system.
Justification the action of showing something to be right or reasonable.
Links web addresses that contain an activated linkage to another location or website on the internet.
Local area network the linking of computers within close proximity, i.e., in the same building.
Macro a single instruction that expands automatically into a set of instructions to perform a particular task.
Mainframe computers Large, very expensive, high-speed machines that require trained operators and special temperature environments, used for scientific and engineering computations.
Malware a general term referring to problems that can be transmitted from computer to computer through e-mail or Internet access, such as viruses, Trojans, and keyboard scanners.
Metadata Data stored in a computer that shows who created, accessed, or revised a document, what changes were made and by whom, and the dates and times when all of this occurred.
Microcomputers small-sized computers often called personal or desktop computers.
Minicomputers mid-sized, powerful computers often used as network servers.
Open codes codes that are invoked once to create a change in line spacing, margins, tab settings, font changes, justification, and page numbering.
Operating system software that controls the flow of information to and from the central processing unit and to and from the input/output devices.
Optical character recognition a scanner that converts an image into a character-based text file.
Output device computer peripherals such as monitors and printers.
Paired codes codes that are turned on and off to invoke changes such as underlining, bold face, italics, and styles and affect only the text appearing between paired codes.
Peripherals devices that are connected to a computer, such as terminals, tape drives, disk drives, modems, and printers.
Portable computers notebooks, laptops, handheld, tablet, and even smartphones qualify as portable computers.
Record a thing constituting a piece of evidence about the past, especially an account of an act or occurrence kept in writing or some other permanent form.
Redline refuse (a loan or insurance) to someone because they live in an area deemed to be a poor financial risk.
Repetitive strain injury an injury caused by physical strain due to repetitive movement; carpal tunnel is a common RSI
Software all programs needed to instruct, control, and operate the hardware of a computer system such as flowcharts, manuals, programs, routines, training, and the like.
Styles a distinctive appearance, typically determined by the principles according to which something is designed.
Trackpad a device found on many laptops that allows fingertip control of cursor movement.
Trackball A device with a ball on top that is rolled with the fingertips to move the cursor, while the base of the device remains stationary.
Uniform resource locator the address at which an internet site can be located.
USB drives sometimes called memory sticks, flash drives, or thumb drives, these device plug into USB drives on a computer and contain memory that functions like a hard device.
Virus computer code that can be copied into an existing computer program and make itself known by impeding correct function of the program.
Web browser a program that allows a computer user to explore the internet.
Webcam a camera on a computer.
Web page or Website a page found on an internet site.
Wide area network the linking of computers that are located far apart, i.e., in different cities, through cables, fiber optics, or satellites.
Zip drive a portable computer drive, now nearly obsolete due to the common usage of recordable CDs and DVDs.
Created by: 500801