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POLS 100-2

am government 2

articles of confederation basis of government for thirteen original states, written in 1776, adopted by all states by 1781
constitution establishes structure, function, and limits of government
natural law doctrine where society should be ruled by ethics and reason
democracy govt gives power to people, directly or through elected individuals
confederation government where national derives powers from states, league of individual states
committee of correspondence kept colonists informed about the british, served to mold public opinion about british
social contract theory people are free and equal by god-given right and consent to be governed and give up some rights to preserve social order. john locke, dec of independence.
federalists first party, favored constitution and a strong national government
libertarian favors free market economy with no government interference on personal property
full faith and credit clause ensures judicial decree and contracts made in one state are binding and enforcable in another
New Jersey Plan proposition for constitution, one vote for each state, congress had supreme law
Virginia Plan first plan for constitution, proposed by J. Madison, legislature to choose executive and judicial
reserved or police powers powers reserved to states by tenth am. lie at the foundation of right to legislate for welfare of people
(elastic)necessary and proper clause congress can pass all laws to carry out enumerated powers from constitution
implied powers derived from enumerated powers and implied through delegated powers to congress
thirteenth amendment one of three civil war am, bans slavery in the united states
fourteenth amendment one of three civil war am, equal protection and due process to all
fifteenth amendment one of three civil war am, african americans can actually vote, enfranchised newly freed male slaves
nineteenth amendment granted women the right to vote
public interest group groups for a collective good, not monetary benefit
political action committee fund-raisers for political interest groups
coalition groups join forces for purpose of electing public officials
civil service laws acts removed by staffing of bureaucracy and created a professional bureaucracy filled through competition
majority rule central premise of direct democracy. only policies that collectively garner the support of a majority of voters will be made to law
critical election signals party realignment through voter polarization around new issues
Great Compromise constitutional convention, each state given same number of people in senate and in the House it's measured by population of the state
social capital facilitate resolution of community problems through collective action
republic govt rooted in consent of governed. Rep've or indirect democracy
interest group groups that influence public policy
exclusionary rule police can't use illegally obtained evidence in a trial
enumerated powers taxation, coinage, commerce, national defense. powers to congress
patron person who finances a group or activity
collective good value that can't be taken from a group's non-member
equal rights amendment am to bar discrimination against women by fed/state gov
indirect democracy (representative) govt give people chance to vote for people who will work on their behalf
cooperative federalism relationship between national and state govt that began with the New Deal
due process clause fifth, fourteenth amend. protection from economic liberty to criminal procedure to arbritrary govt action
strict scrutiny heightened standard of review by supreme court to determine validity of a challenged practice
personal liberty demands for freedom to engage in a variety of practices free from govt discrim'n. initially meant freedom from govt interference
new federalism fed/state relationship by Reagan in 80s. returned administrative power to state govts
Created by: cblue