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Computer Basics


Application Software A type of software that includes programs that help people do certain tasks.
Binary Code Language a computer can understand. Is made up of a series of ones and zeros.
Boot The process of starting or resetting a computer.
Byte Stands for a single character of data. A gigabyte equals 1,000,000,000 (1 Billion) of these.
Central Processing Unit (CPU) A silicon chip that processes data and carries out instructions given to the computer. Also known as the microprocessor.
Compact Disc (CD) An optical storage device that uses laser technology to store information.
Computer A device that can store, retrieve, manipulate, and process data to produce an outcome.
Floppy Disc A magnetic, non-rigid storage device that can be used to store data and transport it to another computer.
Graphical User Interface (GUI) Allows people to select text, icons, and menu items on the computer screen to choose commands and files and to start application software. It makes computers user friendly.
Hard Drive A storage device that reads and writes data to and from around, rigid disks in the computer.
Hardware The physical equipment of a computer.
Headphones An output device that produces sound.
Information Technology The use of technology tools.
Input Device A device through which a computer takes in information.
Keyboard An input device that is used to type text and commands into a computer.
Modem A device or type of expansion card that sends and receives information via a telephone to and from a computer.
Monitor An output device that displays text, objects, graphics, photographs, video, and animation on a screen.
Mouse A hand-held pointing device that controls the cursor.
Network Two or more computers linked together to share files, software, and resources, such as printers.
Operating System The most important type of system software that manages how a computer's hardware and the CPU communicate, manages files, and runs application software.
Output Device A device through which a computer sends out information.
Peripherals Additional components besides the main parts of the computer such as printers and scanners.
Printer An output device that transfers information to a hard copy, such as paper or a transparency.
Processing A basic computer function that refers to when a computer uses information.
Program An application or software.
Random Access Memory (RAM) Short-term memory, it forgets everything it knows when the computer is turned off.
Read Only Memory (ROM) Small bit of memory that stays in the computer when it is turned off. It lets the computer "boot up" or get started.
Scanner An input device that is used to change images into information that a computer can read.
Software A set of instructions that makes the computer hardware work.
Storage A basic computer function that refers to when information is saved in a computer.
Created by: RACERX6000