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Crim Law 16

Gault v. Arizona Decision gave young people accused of a crime many of the same rights as adults 1.must be notified of charges against them 2. right to attorney 3. right to confront witnesses 4. right to remain silent
Texas v. Johnson Decision-burning the American flag is ok if it is used as an example of a symbolic speech
NJ v. TLO Young girl accused of smoking in girls bathroom-property searched, found cigarettes, marijuana and evidence of selling-ruling created "Reasonable Suspicion" rule
Omission When a person fails to do something you are physically able to do
Gideon v. Wainwright Decision-right to counsel in state
Powell v. Alabama "Scottsboro boys"=boys quickly prosecuted & sentenced to death, Decision- all have a right to counsel
Act Anything we do
Over Breadth Opposite of vagueness
Roe v. Wade Decision: gave women the right to an abortion
Wisconsin v. Yoder Case about the Amish to practice their religion
Goss v. Lopez Case about school suspension
Tinker v. Des Moines Case about students freedom of speech about the Vietnam War
Betts v. Brady Right to an attorney in special circumstances
Scopes v. Tennessee Case about teaching evolution in schools
Freedom of trial Time, place, manner
Miller v. California Case on 3 part quide lines for obscenity 1.community standards,2.state standards, 3.individual standards
Johnson v. Zerbst Right to an attorney in federal cases
Why in the courts/justice system of the United States are juveniles treated differently than adults? The courts assume the child was not taught right from wrong and it acts as the parent and teacher
Parens Patrie Court acts as parent or guardian interested in protecting the child
Two types of Juvenile Offenders Delinquents, Status offenders
Delinquents Juvenile commits crimes ranked as adult crimes (rape, murder, vandalism,arson)
Status offenders Juvenile commit crimes of a minor nature (runaway, truancy)
Parental Responsibility Laws Belief that parents should be held responsible for crimes committed by their children (ND follows this)
Who is a juvenile? Under the age of 18 in most states-under the age of 16 in some states
When is a juvenile transferred to adult court? When the crime is serious, when the juvenile has a previous record
Delinquent offenders Youths who have committed acts that would be crimes if committed by adults under federal, state, or local laws
Status offenders Youths who have committed acts that would not be crimes if committed by adults (running away, skipping school, violating curfew)
Neglected or abused children Those that courts protect from their parent or guardian
Neglect not provided with adequate food,m clothing, shelter
Abuse Sexually, physically, or emotionally abused
Created by: sudokken