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ES Ch 1 Vocab


Astronomy The study of objects beyond earth
Meteorology The study of the atmosphere, which is the air surrounding Earth
Geology The study of the materials that make up Earth the processes that form and change these materials, and the history of science.
Oceanography The study of Earth's oceans, which cover nearly three-fourths of the planet.
Environmental Science The study of the interactions of organisms and their surroundings.
Geography The area from the surface of Earth down to its center.
Atmosphere The blanket of gases that surrounds our planet.
Hydrosphere All the water on Earth, including the water in the atmosphere
Biosphere All organisms on Earth as well as the environments in which they live.
Scientific Methods A method of procedure that has characterized natural science since the 17th century, consisting in systematic observation, measurement, and experiment, and the formulation, testing, and modification of hypotheses.
Hypothesis A supposition or proposed explanation made on the basis of limited evidence as a starting point for further investigation.
Independent variable A variable whose variation does not depend on that of another.
Dependent Variable A variable (often denoted by y ) whose value depends on that of another.
Control A group or individual used as a standard of comparison for checking the results of a survey or experiment.
SI The measurements used in the US.
Scientific Notation A method of writing or displaying numbers in terms of a decimal number between 1 and 10, multiplied by a power of 10.
Scientific Model An idea, a system, or a mathematical expression that represents the idea being explained
Scientific Theory An explanations based on many observations during repeated experiments.
Scientific Law A principle that describes the behavior of a natural phenomon
Created by: DarkAngel2727