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Chapter 1

Diversity has increased due to wars, discrimination, politics,socioeconomic changes
cultural competence can improve health and health care, increase patient satisfaction
culture totality of socially transmitted behavioral patterns, arts, beliefs, values and customes
cultural beliefs are learned at home first, then church and then educational settings
attitude state of mind or feeling about some aspect of a culture
ideology consists of thoughts and beliefs that reflect needs of a group or individual
cultural awareness appreciation of the external signs of diversity, such as the arts
cultural sensitivity not offending someone from a different background
cultural competence having knowledge to deliver care congruent with patient's cultural background
ethnocentrism belief that a personal culture is the only right way
cultural safety diversity within the culture can safely express themself
acculturation occurs when a person gives up the traits of his culture of origin
enculturation process of learning cultural norms. Occurs growing up in that culture
assimilation gradual adoption and incorporation of characteristics of the prevailing culture
individuality sense that each person has a separate and equal place in the community
variant characteristics of culture nationality, race, color, age, religious affiliation, educational status, socioeconomic status, occupation, military experience, political beliefs, urban vs rural, marital status, parental status, sexual orientation, gender issues, immigration status,
cultural imposition application of majority group's view upon individuals
cultural relativism belief behaviors should be judged only from the context of that cultural system
cultural imperialism practice of extending the practices of one group to minority groups
low-context communication people from low context cultures are more individualistic and more direct
high-context communication people from high context cultures infer, suggest and imply rather than say things directly
Individuality sense that each person has a separate and equal place in the community
Individualistic cultures are: examples of highly individualistic cultures include european american, canadian, german and swedish
collectivism people are socialized to to view themselves as members of a larger group.
collectivism is characterized by not drawing attention to oneself. Saying "no" to healthcare provider is considered rude
In the last US census, the majority of the population identified themselves as Caucasian
The largest subculture of Hispanic in the US is Mexican
Created by: transcxnsg