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# ES CH1

### Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Astronomy Study of objects beyond Earth's atmosphere.
Meteorology the study of the atmosphere, which is the air surrounding Earth.
Geology study of materials that make up Earth and the process that form and change these materials, and the history of the planet and its life-forms since its origin.
Oceanography study of Earth's oceans including the creatures that inhabit its waters, its physical and chemical properties, and the effects of human
Environmental science study of the interactions of humans with environment
Geosphere the part of Earth from its surface to its center
Atmosphere blanket of gases surrounding Earth that con
Hydrosphere all the water in Earth's oceans, lakes, seas, rivers, and glaciers plus all the water in the atmosphere.
Biosphere all of Earth's organisms and the environments in which they live.
Scientific Methods a series of problem-solving procedures that help scientists conduct experiments.
Hypothesis a testable explanation of a situation.
Independent Variable factor that is manipulated by the experimenter in an experiment.
Dependent Variable factor in an experiment that can change if the independent variable variable is changed.
Control standard for comparison in an experiment.
Le Systeme International d' Untied States (SI) replacement for the metric system; based on a decimal system using the number10 as the base unit;includes the meter (m), second (s), and kilogram (kg).
Scientific notation a method used by scientists to express a number as a value between 1 and 10 multiplied by a power of 10.
Scientific model an idea, a system, or a mathematical expression that represents the idea being explained.
Scientific theory an explanation based on many observation during repeated experiments; valid only if consistent with observations, can be used to make testable predictions, and is the simple explanation; can be changed or modified with the discovery of new data.
Scientific law a principle that describes the behavior of a natural phenomenon.
Created by: samanthasalas

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