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Abbreviations

TermDefinition
a before
AAOx4 awake,alert,and oriented times four spheres
abd abdomen
ac before meals
ADL activities of daily living
ad lib as patient desires
AEB as evidence by
AKA above the knee amputation
AM morning
AMA against medical advice
amb ambulate, ambulatory
amp ampule
amt amount
AROM active range of motion
ASAP as soon as possible
ASHD Arterioschlerotic heart disease
ax axillary
BE barium enema
bid twice per day
BKA below the knee amputation
BM bowel movement
BMR basal metabolic rate
BP blood pressure
BPH benign prostatic hypertrophy/hyperplasia
bpm beats per minute
BR bedrest
BRP bathroom privileges
BSC bedside commode
BSE breast self exam
BUN blood urea nitrogen
Bx biopsy
c with
CAD coronary artery disease
ca cancer
cal calories
C&S culture and sensitivity
cath catheter
LUE left upper extremity
LUL left upper lobe
LUQ left upper quadrant
MD medical doctor/ muscular dystrophy
med medication
mEq milliequivalent
mg milligram
MI myocardial infarction
mL milliliter
mm millimeter
MN midnight
MRI magnetic resonance angiography
MS Morphine sulfate/ multiple sclerosis
Na sodium
N/A not applicable
NAS no added salt
NG nasogastric tube
NIDDM non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
NKA no known allergies
NKDA no known drug allergies
noc night
NPO nothing by mouth
NS 0.9% sodium chloride
NSAID nonsteroidal anti inflammatory drug
NSR normal sinul rhythm
N%V nausea and vomiting
N/V/D nausea, vomiting, diarrhea
O oral
O2 oxygen
OB obstetrics
OD right eye
OOB out of bed
OR operating room
ORIF open reduction and internal fixation
ortho orthopedics
os mouth or opening
OS left eye
OT occupational therapy
OTC over the counter
OU both eyes
CBC complete blood count
CCU coronary care unit/ critical care unit
chem. chemistry
CHF congestive heart failure
cm centimeter
CNS central nervous system
C/O, c/o complained of
CO2 carbon dioxide
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
CT computed tomography
CVA cerebrovascular accident; stroke
CXR chest x-ray
D51/2NS Dextrose 5% in 0.45% in sodium chloride
D5RL dextrose 5% in lactated Ringers' solution
D5W dextrose 5% in water
D&C dilation and curettage
DKA diabetic ketoacidosis
DM diabetes mellitus
DOB date of birth
DOE dyspnea upon exertion
Dp Br deep breathe
dsg or drsg dressing
DT delirium tremors
DVT deep vein thrombosis
Dx diagnosis
ECG or EKG electrodardiogram
EEG electroencephalogram
EENT eyes, ears, nose, throat
EGD esophagogastroduodenoscopy
ER emergency room
ETOH alcohol
F female
FDA food and drug administration
Fr French (diameter size measurement)
FSB fasting blood sugar
FSBS finger stick blood sugar
ft foot or feet
F/U, f/u follow up
FUO fever of unknown origin
oz ounce
P pulse
- p after
pc after meals
PCA patient controlled analgesia
PEARLA pupils equal and reactive to light and accommodation
PEARL pupils equal and reactive to light
PEG percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
per by
PERLA pupils equally reactive to light and accommmodation
PERRLA pupils equally round and reactive to light and accommodation
PFT pulmonary function test
PID pelvic inflammatory disease
PM afternoon/evening
PMI point of maximal impulse
PMS premenstrual syndrome
PNS peripheral nervous system
PO by mouth
Post posterior
PPP peripheral pulses palpated
prn as needed
PROM passive range of motion
PT physical therapy/ prothrombin time
pt patient
PTT partial thromboplastin time
q every
qh every hour
q2h every 2 hours
q3h every 3 hours
q4h every 4 hours
qid four times per day
R respirations
RBC red blood cell
REM rapid eye movement
RLE right lower extremity
RLQ right lower quadrant
RML right middle lobe
RLL right lower lobe
R/O rule out
ROM range of motion
fx fracture
g gram
GB gallbladder
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease
GI gastrointestinal
gr grain
GSW gunshot wound
gtt(s) drop/drops
GTT glucose tolerance test
GU genitourinary
GYN gynecology
HA headache
HEENT head, eyes, ears, nose, and throat
Hgb hemoglobin
h/o history of
hob head of bed
HOH hard of hearing
H%P history and physical
hr hour
HS hour of sleep
ht height
HTN hypertension
Hx history
hyper above or high
hypo below or low
I%D incision and drainage
ICP increased intracranial pressure
ICU intensive care unit
ID intradermal
IDDM insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
IM intramuscular
Inj injection
I/O intake and output
IPPB intermittent positive pressure breathing
IUD intrauterine device
IV intravenous
IVP intravenous push
IVPB intravenous piggyback
K potassium
Kg kilogram
KUB kidneys, ureters, bladder
KVO keep vein open
L liter
Lab laboratory
lb pound
ROS review of system
RR recovery room/ respiratory rate
Rt right
RT radiation therapy/ respiratory therapy
R/T related to
RUE right upper extremity
RUL right upper lobe
RUQ right upper quadrant
Rx prescription
- s without
SC, sc, s.c., squ subcutaneous(ly)
SCD sequential compression device
SIDS sudden infant death syndrome
SNF skilled nursing facility
SOB shortness of breath
S/P status post
SpO2 percentage of hemoglobin saturated with oxygen
ss half
S/S signs and symptoms
SSE soapsuds enema
stat immediately
STD sexually transmitted disease
Sx symptoms
syr syrup
T temperature
tab tablet
TAH total abdominal hysterectomy
TB tuberculosis
TENS transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
TIA transient ischemic attack
tid three times per day
TO telephone order
TPN total parenteral nutrition
TPR temperature, pulse, respirations
TSE testicular self examination
TSH thyroid stimulating hormone
TURP transurethral resection of the prostate
Tx treatment
UA urinalysis
U/O urine output
URI upper respiratory infection
US ultrasound
URI upper respiratory infection
US ultrasound
VD venereal disease
VO verbal order
LFT liver function test
liq liquids
LLE left lower extremity
LLL left lower lobe
LLQ left lower quadrant
LMP last menstrual period
LOC level of consciousness
LP lumbar puncture
LR lactated ringers
vol volume
VS vital signs
WBC white blood cell count
W/C wheelchair
wt weight
WDI warm, dry intact
WNL within normal limits
y/o, yo years old
yr year
Created by: akgalyean