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Medical Technology

Illnesses #2

TermDefinition
Wound Break in the skin which usually includes underlying tissues & can be intentional or unintentional.
Lesion Break in the skin, usually used to describe a rash.
Erythema Redness of skin.
Jaundice Yellow color in skin.
Ecchymosis Bruise.
Pallor Paleness to skin.
Foot Drop Difficulty lifting the front part of the foot, which may result in dragging the foot when working.
Shingles Blister-like rash caused by herpes zoster or chicken pox virus.
Scabies Mite that burrows into skin & cause itching & a rash.
Incision Cut made by knife or scalpel.
Laceration Irregular cut or wound.
Abrasion Top layer of skin is scraped or worn off.
Puncture Break in skin where skin closes over the injury.
Dermititis Inflammation or swelling of the skin.
Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis) Dry itchy inflamed skin that is not contagious.
Bronchiectasis Bronchial tubes are abnormally enlarged.
Sputum Fluid coughed up from the lungs.
Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) Temporary decrease in blood flow to the part of the brain.
Cerebral Vascular Accident (CVA) "STROKE" Complete stop of blood flow to part of brain from a clot or broken blood vessel causes tissue death.
Parkinson's Disease Decrease in neurotransmitter that carries nerve impulses, symptoms are muscle tremors, shuffling walk, mask-like face
Epilepsy Seizure disorder.
Multiple Sclerosis Damage to myelin sheath of nerves, symptoms are muscle weakness that starts in hands/feet/eyes then moves inward toward CNS.
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) Total damage to nerves between spinal cord & muscles, symptoms are progressive weakness that progresses to paralysis.
Alzheimer's Disease Progressive disease which causes decrease in ability to think & remember.
Cataracts Cloudiness & hardening of lens of the eye.
Glaucoma Increases pressure of fluid inside eye.
Diabetic Retinopathy Busting of tiny blood vessels in retina of eye.
Macular Degeneration Deposits in middle area of retina which causes vision loss in middle of visual field.
Menieres Disease Attacks of vertigo, tinnitus, temporary hearing loss, & feelings of pressure/fullness in ears. May lead to deafness.
Presbycusis Loss of hearing high-pitched sounds.
Ulcers Erosion of the wall of the stomach or small intestine.
Hernia Protrusion of organ through a muscle wall.
Gall Stones Stones in gall bladder that block flow of bile.
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Stomach contents back up into esophagus, damaging the lining of esophagus.
Ileostomy Removal of all of large intestine. Stool is watery & yellowish.
Colonostomy Removal of part of large intestine. Stool becomes thicker & darker the farther down the intestinal tract is located.
Ulcerative Colitis Chronic inflammation of large intestine, symptoms are cramping, bleeding, diarrhea, pain.
Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) Infection in bladder(cystitis) or urethra(urethritis).
Kidney Infection Infection that travels to kidney(pyelonephritis)
Kidney Stones Calculus from mineral build-up in kidneys.
Kidney (Renal) Failure May be acute or chronic. Kidney's fail to filter blood.
Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy (BPH) Enlargement of the prostate gland.
Urostomy "IDEAL CONDUIT" ureters are attached to part of the small intestine, which is pulled through the abdominal wall.
Ureterostomy Ureters themselves are pulled through the wall of the abdomen.
Graves Disease Excessive thyroid levels, symptoms are weight loss, inability to sleep, irregular heartbeat, confusion, increased perspiration.
Hypothyroidism Low thyroid hormone, symptoms are weakness, depression, fatigue, anorexia, weight gain, intolerance to cold.
Cushing's Syndrome High glucocorticoids, symptoms are increased facial hair, high blood sugar, fat pockets, bruising, muscle weakness.
Addison's Disease Low glucocorticoids, symptoms are muscle weakness, high blood pressure, muscle atrophy, salt imbalance.
Diabetes Mellitus Abnormal regulation of blood sugar levels due to increased insulin levels or problems using insulin.
Created by: dcolestock16