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Medical Technology

Illnesses

TermDefinition
Osteoporosis Decrease in Bone Mass, which can lead to fractures.
Osteoarthritis Inflammation of joints from wear & tear.
Rheumatoid Arthritis Autoimmune disorder of joints.
Gout Buildup of uric acid crystals in joints (usually in big toe)
Muscular Dystrophy Skeletal muscles become weaker & wasted over time.
Amputation Removal of a limb which may lead to phantom pain.
Contracture Shortening & stiffening of tendons from lack of movement.
Atrophy Loss of muscle size & strength.
Fracture Broken bone.
Phantom Pain Feeling that an amputated body part is still there; Includes itching, aching, & pain.
Stump The end of an extremity left after an amputation.
Pneumonia Infection in lungs.
Pleurisy Inflammation of lining of lungs & fluid between lung & in lung cavity.
Bronchitis Inflammation of the Bronchi.
Asthma Spasms of the bronchial tree.
COPD Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, a general term for chronic lung problems.
Emphysema Damaged alveoli with air trapping & trouble exhaling.
Chronic Bronchitis Frequent bronchitis & thick mucus blocking the airway from long-term irritation to the lungs.
Anemia Decrease in red blood cells
Leukemia Excessive production of white blood cells.
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) Clots in legs that may cause MI or stroke.
Atherosclerosis Fatty build up in arteries.
Arteriosclerosis Hardening of arteries.
Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) Pain & cramps in legs when walking due to decrease in blood flow.
Venus Stasis Ulcers Wounds in legs from decrease in blood flow.
Coronary Artery Disease Narrowing of arteries that feed the heart muscles.
Angina Pectoris Paint with exertion due to decrease in oxygen to heart.
Myocardial Infarction (MI) *HEART ATTACK* Lack of blood flow to heart tissue which causes tissue death.
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Decrease in effectiveness of heart's ability to pump blood.
Cardiac Arrest Heart stops beating.
Conduction Disorder Problems with electrical impulses in the heart.
Edema Too much tissues of the body.
Aspiration Accidental inhalation of foreign material into airway.
Burn Damage to body tissue from heat, chemicals, electricity, or radiation.
Dehydration Not enough fluid in tissues of the body.
Decubitus Ulcer *PRESSURE SORE/BED SORE/SKIN BREAKDOWN* Damage to body tissue from pressure & lack of circulation.
Created by: dcolestock16