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Medical Technology

Set #2

TermDefinition
Physician's Orders/ Authority Statements of what needs to be done for pt. May only be taken down by nurse.
Behavioral Care Interventions to be done for resident with behavioral issues. Must be followed closely.
Log Rolling Method of turning a pt so that spine is kept in straight alignment.
Transfer/ Gait Belt Webbed or woven belt with buckle that is used to assist weak or unsteady pt with standing, walking, and transfers.
Ambulate To walk.
Assistive Devices Items that make tasks easier for a person with a physical disability.
Paraplegia Paralysis from the waist down.
Quadriplegia Paralysis from the neck down.
Hemiplegia Paralysis on only one side of the body.
Trochanter Roll Devices placed by pt's legs tp keep hips from turning outward.
Supportive Devices Pillows or rolled blankets used to keep pt in a certain position.
Weight-bearing Ability of a pt to stand on one or both legs.
Dangle Sitting a pt on the edge of the bed for a certain amount of time to decrease potential for dizziness or falling.
Shearing Force created when pt is pulled across surface that offers resistance. *Causes skin breakdown*
Syncope Fainting.
Draw Sheet Extra sheet that allows pt to be re-positioned without shearing.
Which side is used for a cane? The strong side.
Which side does STNA stand, when assisting a pt with a cane? Cane on strong side; STNA on weak side.
Which side does the STNA use while assisting the pt to walk without a cane? STNA on the strong side.
Which types of crutch walking are used for pt's with weight-bearing on one foot? 3 point -swing to & swing through
Which types of crutch walking are used for pt's with weight-bearing on both feet? 4 point 2 point -swing to & swing through
Supine Position Pt is on back. Also called horizontal recumbent.
Lateral/Side-laying Position Pt is lying on one side.
Prone Position Pt is on stomach with head to one side.
Low Fowler's Position Head of bed is elevated 15 degrees.
Mid Fowler's Position Head of bed is elevated to 45 degrees.
High Fowler's Position Head of bed is elevated 60-90 degrees.
Sims Position Pt is on left side with left arm behind back & right arm by head. *Also called left lateral position*
Lithotomy Position Pt is in stir-ups.
Dorsal Recumbent Position Pt is on back with feet on bed, so knees are tented.
Knee Chest Position Pt's head/arms & knees are on bed, with bottom in the air.
Standard of Care The correct conduct & performance when completing pt care.
Duty Acting as another reasonable healthcare worker would act.
Breach of Duty Action in an unacceptable way.
Direct or Proximate Cause What happened directly or indirectly caused a problem/injury.
Injury Pt must be harmed in some way from the act noted in malpractice claim.
Neglect/negligence Doing or failing to do something for the pt that caused an injury. *Usually unintentional*
Intentional Acts Purposely intending to do a wrongful act. These may or may not be considered "abuse".
Assualt Putting another fear of being touched in an offensive way.
Battery Touching without consent.
False Imprisonment Detention of a person against their will.
Invasion of Privacy Revealing personal information about a person without their consent.
Abuse Causing physical or mental harm.
Physical Abuse Causes harm to the body.
Psychological Abuse Causes mental injury.
Financial Abuse (Misappropriation or Larcency) Taking personal items from the pt. (Stealing)
Defamation of Character Injury to a person's reputation or character.
Slander Oral defamation.
Libel Written defamation.
Nominal Damages A small amount awarded just to say the HC worker was wrong.
Compensatory Damages An amount that puts the injured person into the same state as before the injury.
Punitive Damages An amount meant to punish.
Advanced Directive A document that allows a person to chose their medical care even when they cannot physically do this!!
Living Will Describes what should or should not be done in case of an emergency.
Created by: dcolestock16