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what is A&P?

anatomy the study of the structure and shape of the body and body parts and their relationship to one another; location
physiology the study of how the body and its parts work or function
8 characteristics of life movement, responsiveness, growth, maintaining boundaries, reproduction, excretion, digestion, metabolism
vital signs pulse - 50-80bpm at rest, body temp - 98.6, brainwave activity - EEG, breathing, reflexes - response to pain, muscular movements
needs of organisms water, food, oxygen, heat, pressure
survivability 4-7 w/o fresh water, 7-14 days w/o food (1 month), no longer than 3-10 min w/o oxygen, death @ above 106*F and below 0 temps after a few hours, 3-10 minutes w/o air pressure
homeostasis water and oxygen, blood sugar level, body temperature, hydrostatic pressure (BP)
negative bio-feedback causes stimulus to shut off
positive bio-feedback increase the disturbance CHILD BIRTH
levels of organization atoms, molecules, macromolecules, organelles, cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, organisms
body cavities axial - head, neck, torso appendicular - arms and legs
dorsal "back"
ventral "front"
11 organ systems integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, urinary, reproductive
sagittal plane lengthwise cut
transverse plane horizontal cut
frontal plane cut to where there is a front and back side
superior above
inferior below
anterior front
posterior back
medial midline
lateral side
proximal closer to point of attachment
distal farther from point of attachment
superficial surface
deep internal
abdominal anterior body trunk inferior to ribs
acromial point of shoulder
antecubital anterior surface of elbow
axillary armpit
brachial arm
buccal cheek area
carpal wrist
cervical neck region
coxal hip
crural leg
digital fingers, toes
femoral thigh
fibular lateral part of leg
ingunal area where thing meets body trunk; groin
nasal nose area
patellar anterior knee
pelvic area overlying the pelvis anteriorly
pubic genital region
sternal breastbone area
tarsal ankle region
thoracic chest
umbilical navel
cephalic head
deltoid curve of shoulder formed by the large deltoid muscle
gluteal buttock
lumbar area of back between ribs and hips
occipital posterior surface to head
popliteal posterior surface head
sacral areas between hips
scapular shoulder blade region
sural the posterior surface of lower leg; the calf vertebral - area of spine