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APES Disasters

Environmental Disasters of the 20th and 21st Century

QuestionAnswer
Donora Pennsylvania Smog Disaster, October 1948 Pollutants from burning coal factory become trapped in the valley for five days. 7,000 become sick and 22 die.
Toxic London Fog, 1952 Coal smoke and fog in London lasts for five days and kills 4,000 citizens. Results in the British Clean Air Act of 1956
Minamata Bay Mercury Poisoning, 1956+ Industrial discharge from the Chisso Corporation introduces mercury to the fish. The poisoning causes 100 deaths and several hundred cases of illness.
Burning of the Cuyahoga River, Ohio 1969 Cleveland river is polluted to the point where it catches fire and burns for days. Images build pressure for environmental laws.
Santa Barbara Oil Spill, 1969 Union oil company oil platform suffers natural gas blowout. 200,000 gallons spread causing a 800 sq mi. oil slick and affecting 35 miles of coast line.
Love Canal, 1976-78 Hooker Chemical dumps solvents, acids, PCB's and pesticides. School and subdivision are built on dump. birth defects and miscarriages are common, raising safe drinking water concerns.
Three-Mile Island, 1979 Three-Mile island reactor near Harrisburg, PA loses coolant water. the core is partially melted and low amounts of radioactive materials are released.
Bhopal Disaster, 1984 In Bhopal, India a ruptured storage container at a Union Carbide pesticide plant releases 40 tons of methyl isocyanate,a lethal gas. toxic cloud spreads 30 sq mi. killing 6,000 - 20,000 people. Cause damage to three times as many
Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster, 1986 Explosion in Ukraine plant releases seven tons of radioactive material into the atmosphere. thousands killed in immediate area and many die later. 3,000 to 30,000 estimated dead.
Exxon Valdez Oil Spill, 1989 Valdez tanker hits reef in Prince William sound near Alaska and spills 11 million gallons of oil. 1,000 miles of shoreline are covered in oil resulting in the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 requiring better Coast Guard Regulations on tankers.
Gulf War Oil Spills, 1991 Iraqis retreating from Kuwait set fire to hundreds of oil wells and spill oil into the Persian gulf as US invades. Smoke an pollution have worldwide effects.
BP Oil Spill, 2010 Deep Water Horizon Oil Spill released almost 5 million barrels of oil in the gulf of Mexico making it the worst accidental spill in history.
Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Accident, 2011 Equipment failure and nuclear release after the earthquake and tsunami off the coast of northern Japan.
Created by: Firebeast9
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