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Chapter 1

What is geography? description of the earth
5 themes of geography: location, place, human/environment interaction, movement, and region
What is absolute location? a place's precise position on the globe
What is latitude? Lines running north and south of the equator (horizontal)
What is longitude? Lines running east and west of the Prime Meridian (vertical)
What is relative location? The location of a place in relation to other places
A description of a place includes: land, animal life, people, cultures, etc.
Human/Environment interaction includes questions like... Why do people choose to live in certain places? How do they adapt to their environment? How do they change it?
Movement includes asking the question... How and why do people move around the earth?
Movement includes: Interdependent communities
Region is based on: Physical features and human characteristics.
Where are the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn on a globe in relation to the equator? The Tropic of Cancer is above it and the Tropic of Capricorn is below it.
What is atmosphere? air that surrounds the earth. It goes up to 1,000 miles above the earth.
Earth is ___ miles away from the Sun with a diameter of ___miles at the equator. 93 million miles from Sun; diameter of 8,000 miles at equator
The Earth is ___% water and ___% land. 70% water and 30% land
The ___ includes the water of the earth: oceans, lakes, rivers, etc. Hydrosphere
The ___ includes the land of the earth: the earth's crust Lithosphere
Highest point on Earth is: It is in: It is ___ feet high Mount Everest, Asia, 29,028 feet
Lowest point on Earth is: It is ___ feet below sea level Dead Sea, 1,312 feet
Deepest part of ocean is: It is about ___ feet deep Mariana Trench, 35,800 feet
3 Layers of the earth: Crust, Mantle, Core
Describe the Core. iron and nickel with 2 layers in the center of the earth
Describe the Mantle. thick rocks such as silicon, oxygen, aluminum, iron, and magnesium
Describe the Crust. rock that actually "floats" on partially melted layers in upper-mantle.
How much do the earth's plates move each year? roughly 4 inches
Internal forces include: earthquakes, volcanoes, tsunamis
All three internal forces are caused by: plate shifts such as folds and faults
External forces include: weathering and erosion
Name the 7 continents. NA, SA, Asia, Africa, Antarctica, Europe, Australia
What separates Asia and Europe? The Ural Mountains
Name the 5 oceans. Atlantic, Pacific, Arctic, Indian, and Southern
What are minerals? substance from Earth that isn't living nor made from living things
What are fossil fuels? fuels formed from remains of plants and animals from years ago
What affects the value of resources! use, supply, and changes
Created by: rachelebrady



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