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Nsg II Vocab 2014

Nursing II Vocabulary List Fall 2014

QuestionAnswer
Asepsis The absence of infectious organisms.
Abscess Collection of pus in a localized area.
Afebrile Without a fever.
Anorexia Eating disorder that causes people to obsess about their weight and food they eat.
Anuria Non-passage of urine.
Aphasia Inability to express oneself through speech or writing.
Apraxia Disorder of brain and nervous system in which a person is unable to perform tasks or movements when asked.
Bradycardia Abnormally slow heart rate.
Cirrhosis Scarring of the liver.
Coccyx Small bone at the lower tip of the spine.
Cyanosis Condition in which the lips, fingers, and toes appear blue; bluish skin.
Diaphoresis Excessive perspiration or sweating.
Diuresis Excessive urine production.
Dysmenorrhea Painful menstruation.
Dysphagia Difficulty or pain when swallowing.
Dysphasia Inability to speak or understand words because of a brain lesion.
Dyspnea Difficulty breathing.
Ecchymosis Very large bruised area; black eye.
Etiology Study of causes of a disease.
Fatigue Feeling of weariness, tiredness, or lack of energy.
Hematemesis Vomiting of blood.
Hemiparesis Weakness on one side of the body.
Hemiplegia Loss of muscle function in part of your body.
Hemoptysis Coughing up blood.
Hemorrhage Bleeding, usually excessive bleeding.
Hemorrhoid Swollen, inflamed veins around the anus or lower rectum.
Hyperthermia Overheating of the body.
Hypotension Low blood pressure.
Iatrogenic Illness causes by a medication or physician.
Icterus Jaundice that causes your skin and the whites of your eyes to turn yellow.
Immunocompromise Having an immune system that has been impaired by disease or medical treatment.
Inflammation Localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain due to infection, irritation, or injury
Ischemia Inadequate blood supply to a local area due to blockage of blood vessels leading to that area.
Menstruation Normal vaginal bleeding as part of a woman's monthly cycle.
Metastasis Spreading of cancer cells from one organ or tissue to another.
Nosocomial Hospital acquired infection.
Oliguria Reduced urine output.
Orthopnea Difficulty breathing while lying down.
Paresthesia Sensation of numbness or tingling on the skin that occurs without stimulation.
Parenteral Taken into the body in a manner other than through the digestive canal.
Perineum Part of the body between the anus and the genitals.
Peritoneum Continuous transparent membrane which lines the abdominal cavity and covers the abdominal organs.
Petechiae Small red dots due to bleeding under the skin.
Pneumonia Infection in one or both of the lungs.
Presbycusis Age-related hearing loss.
Pruritus Itching, irritation that makes you want to scratch the itchy area.
Purulent Consisting of, containing, or discharging pus.
Syncope Fainting; temporary loss of consciousness.
Tachycardia Fast heart rate.
Tachypnea Rapid breathing.
Therapeutic Pertaining to the treatment of a disease.
Urticaria Hives; red and sometimes itchy bumps on your skin.
Created by: Kavita1926