Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove Ads
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards




share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

MED/SURG Level 4

QuestionAnswer
ENHANCES IRON ABSORPTION VITAMIN C
S/S OF IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA TACHYCARDIA PICA DYSPNEA PAGOPHAGIA(ice)
TREATMENT OF ANEMIA INCREASE IRON INTAKE AIMAL PROTEIN DRIED BEANS FORTIFIED GRAINS AND CEREALS DRIED FRUIT
TORCH T=TOXOPLASMOSIS O= HEP B,SYPHILIS,VARICELLA,HERPES R=RUBELLA C=CYTOMEGALOVIRUS H=HERPES
MOST COMMON WHEN A PERSON CONTRACTS HEAD AND NECK MUSCLES TENSION HEADACHE
A SUDDEN BRIEF EPISODE OF NEUROLOGIC IMPAIRMENT CAUSED BY BLOCK OF CEREBRAL FLOW TIA - STROKE
WEAKENED AREAS IN THE BLOOD VESSEL WALL. A CONGENITAL OR SECONDARY TO HTN AND ATHEROSCLEROSIS ANEURYSM
AN ABNORMAL SOUND CAUSED BY BLOOD FLOWING OVER ROUGH SURFACE OF ONE OR BOTH CAROTID ARTERIES BRUIT
MEDICATION FOUND TO LIMIT NEUROLOGIC DEFICITS WITHIN A 3 HOUR WINDOW TPA
WARMTH PROMOTES= COOL APPLICATIONS= VASODILATION REDUCE BLOOD FLOW (CONSTRICTS)
S/S OF TIA TEMPORARY LIGHT HEADEDNESS FACIAL DROOPING CONFUSION SPEECH DISTURBANCES LOSS OF VISION DIPLOPIA
WHY IS ASPIRIN GIVEN PROPHYLACTICALLY? ANTIPLATELET AGGREGATE, PREVENTS BLOOD CLOTS FROM FORMING
HOW ARE PT.S WITH ANEURYSM MEDICALLY MANAGED? BED REST, ELEVATE HEAD OF BED TO REDUCE ICP
WHEN THE HEAD IS STRUCK, AND DUAL BRUISING FROM THE BLOW, CAUSING A RICOCHET EFFECT COUNTRECOUP INJURY
TO DETECT ANY CSF IN DRAINAGE , THE NURSE DOES WHAT? USE A GAUZE AND CATCH IT, TO LOOK FOR HALO SIGN
WHAT NEUROPROTECTIVE DRUG BLOCKS EFFECTS OF GLUTAMATE GABAPENTIN
WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF BURR HOLES? TO RELIEVE PRESSURE, REMOVE THE CLOT, AND STOP THE BLEED
COMMON SITES FOR SPINAL CORD INJURY CERVICAL AND LUMBAR VERTEBRAE
MANNITOL OSMOTIC DIURETIC=ICP
WHY ARE BASILAR SKULL FRACTURES DANGEROUS? IT CAN INTERFERE WITH CSF FLOW AND CAN OPEN PT UP TO MENINGITIS
S/S OF BASILAR SKULL FRACTURE RHINORHEA, OTORRHEA, RACCOON EYES
WHAT IS DILANTIN(PHENYTOIN) USED FOR? SEIZURES
HOW DO YOU REPOSITION A PT WHO HAS HAD BACK SURGERY? LOG ROLL
THE URGE TO VOID OCCURS WHEN THE BLADDER CONTAINS HOW MUCH? 150 TO 300 ML
INCREASES FECAL BULK AND PULLS WATER INTO THE FECES FIBER
PROCESS ASSOCIATED WITH IMMOBILITY CALCIUM DEPLETION
HOW DO YOU MONITOR FOR DEHYDRATION IN A PT WITH NEURO DEFICITS? MEASURE I & O, WEIGH PT
OLDER ADULTS WHO HAVE URINARY RETENTION BEHAVIOR CHANGE
WHAT IS DONE FOR CHRONIC CONSTIPATION INCREASE FLUIDS, ADD BRAN TO DIET, EXERCISE
HOW DO YOU REDUCE HEMOSTASIS AND THROMBOPHLEBITIS? CHANGE PATIENTS POSITION
HOW DO YOU GIVE PSYLLIUM(METAMUCIL)? GIVE AT MEALTIME
CONCUSSION ARE... DIFFUSE SWELLING AND MICROSCOPIC BRAIN INJURY
CHRONIC TRAUMATIC ENCEPHALOPATHY NEURODEGENERATION REPEATED CONCUSSIONS LONG TERM EFFECTS- DEMENTIA, DEPRESSION,PARKINSONS DISEASE, EARLY ALZHIEMERS
S/S OF CONCUSSION BRIEF LAPSE IN LOC TEMPORARY DISORIENTATION HEADACHE BLURRED VISION IRRITABLE DIZZINESS
WHAT DO YOU NOT GIVE A HEAD INJURY? MORPHINE, DEMEROL
S/S OF CONTUSION(COUP INJURY) HYPOTENSION RAPID WEAK PULSE SHALLOW RESP SEIZURES
A NURSE LOOKS FOR WHAT IN THE NEURO STATUS OF POSSIBLE HEAD IJURY.. LOC AND PUPILLARY RESPONSE
EPIDURAL HEMATOMA= SUBDURAL HEMATOMA= ARTERIAL BLEED VENOUS BLEED- PROGRESSIVELY GETS WORSE
STUFF ABOUT ICP DISRUPTS BLOOD FLOW, CAUSES BRAIN TO BE ISCHEMIC AND HYPOXIC. AFFECTS RESP., HR, TEMP, AND NERVE FUNCTION
POST -OP CARE after brain surgery POSITION ON UNAFFECTED SIDE V/S Q 15-30 MONITOR BODY TEMP( HYPERTHERMIA) RESTRICT FLUIDS USE CODEINE TEACH PT ABOUT"CLICK"
SPINAL SHOCK - AREFLEXIA LOSS OF SYMPATHETIC REFLEX BELOW LEVEL OF INJURY 30- 60 MIN NO PERSPIRATION BELOW LEVEL OF INJURY RESP. FAILURE
LYMPH NODES AXILLA,GROIN, NECK,AND LARGE VESSELS
S/S OF LEUKOPENIA FEVER, SORE THROAT, CHILLS
SCHILLINGS TEST USED TO DIAGNOSE PERNICIOUS ANEMIA, MACROCYTIC ANEMIA, AND MALABSORPTION
WHAT IS HEMATOPOIESIS? MANUFACTURE AND DEVELOPMENT OF BLOOD CELLS
Reduces physical discomfort but does not alter a disease progression Palliative care
Kubler-Ross - death and dying stages 1. Denial 2. Anger (Why) 3. Bargaining 4. Depression 5. Acceptance
Caused by mechanical, chemical, thermal, or electrical injuries or disorders affecting bones, joints, muscles, skin. Somatic pain
The amount of pain a person endures once the threshold has been reached. Pain tolerance
Morphine Sulfate, Oxycontin, Dilaudid, Ultram Opiod analgesics
Dexamethasone, prednisone Corticosteroids
WBC's and other cells produce this in response to viral infections. Interferon
Standard practice for IV solutions Reduce potential for infection by replacing solutions every 24 hours even when there is still fluid in bag.
Delivers 60 gtt/ml Microdrip
Gravity infusion Must elevate the solution at least 18 to 24 inchesabove infusion site
Swelling at the site , discomfort, decreased infusion rate, cool skin Infiltration(extravasation) Restart IV and elevate the arm
Phlebitis Redness , warmth Restart IV, apply warm compresses
These occur generally within the first 5 to 15 minutes of infusion Transfusion reaction of blood
Midazolam(Versed), Nembutal, Seconal, Diazepam Sedatives
Decrease respiratory tract secretions, dry mucus membranes, and interrupt vagal stimulation Anticholinergics Scopolamine, Atropine, Robinul
Post- operative complications Hemorrhage, shock, Hypoxia, Aspiration Remember your A, B, C 's
Hypervolemia Weight gain, elevated BP, increased breathing effort, wet lungs, edema
Electrolytes that are of main concern Sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium
This is treated by IV combination of regular insulin and glucose and acts within 30 minutes Severe hyperkalemia
This is evidenced by tingling in the extremities and the area around the mouth, + Chvostek's sign, and Trousseau sign Hypocalcemia
Hypermagnesemia (Calcium gluconate is antidote) Flushing, warmth, hypotension, lethargy, drowsiness, bradycardia, depressed respiratory, and coma
Deep and rapid breathing(Kussmaul's)- compensatory mechanism to rid the body of CO2 and thus prevent carbonic acid from forming Metabolic acidosis
Acid -Base Balance
Created by: shanda.brown