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Integumentary expected age-related changes senile lentigo, seborrheic keratosis, cutaneous papilloma or skin tags, crows feet or wrinkles, faded hair color or gray, hair distribution pattern change, fingernails grow more slowly, toenails become thick, xerosis, senile purpura
Integumentary common disorders seen with aging basal cell carcinoma and melanoma, pressure ulcers, inflammation and infection, hypothermia
inflammation and infection (6) rosacea, dermatitis (contact, allergic, seborrheic), herpes zoster, infections (fungal, yeast & bacterial), scabies
musculoskeletal expected age-related changes decreased bone calcium, decreased fluid in intravertebral disks, decreased blood supply to muscles, decreased tissue elasticity, decreased muscle mass
musculoskeletal common disorders seen with aging osteoporosis, DJD including rheumatoid arthritis, bursitis, gouty arthritis
respiratory expected age-related changes decreased body fluids, decreased # of cells, decreased # of macrophages, decreasedtissue elasticity in alveoli & lower lung, decreased muscle strength & endurance, decreased # of capillaries, decreased calcification of cartilage
respiratory common disorders seen with aging COPD (asthma, emphysema, chronic bronchitis), influenza, pneumonia, TB, lung cancer
cardiovascular expected age-related changes decreased cardiac muscle tone, decreased cardiac output, decreased elasticity of heart muscle & BV, decreased pacemaker cells, decreased baroreceptor sensitivity, increased heart size- LV, increased atheroscelrosis, increased valvular scleorosis
cardiovascular common disorders seen with aging coronary artery disease, coronary valve disease, cardiac arrhythmias, CHF, cardiomegaly, PVD, occulsive peripheral vascular probs, varicose veins, aneurysm, hypertensive disease
hematopoietic and lymphatic expected age-related changes increased plasma viscosity, decreased RBC production, decreased mobilization of neutrophils, increased immature T-cell response
hematopoietic and lymphatic nursing considerations may not display fever, UTI - may not have pain or dysuria, absense of pain with any infection at all
hematopoietic and lymphatic nursing considerations s/sx confusion (#1), agitation, falls, blood sugar changes even w/out DM dx, quiet/more reserved, changes in urine color or odor
GI expected age-related changes increased dental caries & tooth loss, decreased thirst perception, decreased gag reflux, decreased muscle tone at sphincters, decreased saliva and gastric secretions, decreased gastric motility and peristalsis, decreased liver size & enzyme production
GI common disorders seen with aging hiatal hernia, gastritis & ulcers, diverticulosis & diverticulitis, cancer, hemorrhoids, rectal prolapse
urinary expected age-related changes decreased # of fx nephrons, decreased BS, decreased muscle tone, decreased tissue elasticity, delayed/decreased perception of need to void, increased nocturnal urine production, increased size of prostate - leads to complications
urinary common disorders seen with aging urinary incontinence, UTI, chronic renal failure
types of urinary incontinence (5) stress, urge, overflow, functional, total
stress incontinence leakage of urine during conditions that increase intra-abdominal pressure, such as exercise, lifting heavy objects, laughing, coughing, or sneezing
urge incontinence caused by involuntary contraction of the detrusor muscle of the bladder
overflow incontinence leakage of small amts of urine from an overly full bladder - brain doesnt send signal that you need to go - needs to meds to help
functional incontinence seen in older adults whom have normal urethral and bladder function, changes in functional ability may be cognitive or physical in nature
total incontinence a condition in which older adults experience continuous and unpredictable loss of urine such as bad stroke and end stage dementia
nervous system expected age-related changes decreased # of brain cells, decreased # of nerve fibers, decreased amts of neuroreceptors, decreased peripheral nerve function
nervous common disorders seen with aging parkinsons disease, TIA, CVA
eyes expected age-related changes decreased # of eyelashes, decreased tear production, decreased tissue elasticity, decreased muscle tone, increase discoloration of lens
eyes common disorders seen with aging blepharitis, diplopia, cataracts, glaucoma, age related macular degeneration and retinal detachment
age related macular degeneration and retinal detachment types wet & dry
wet defined really bad - leads to blindness, genetic link, abnormal growth of BV under retina, leakage of blood; retina swollen & distorted, last surgery
dry defined inadequate nutrient supply or waste removal resulting from vascular changes, macula becomes damaged, decrease central vision
ears expected age-related changes decreased tissue elasticity, decreased joint mobility, decreased ceruminous cells in the external ear canal, atrophy of vestibular structures in the inner ear
ears common disorders seen with aging otosclerosis, tinnitus, deafness, menieres disease
taste and small expected age-related changes decreased # of papillae on tongue, decreased # of nasal sensory receptors - no desire to eat leads to FTT b/c no sense of smell & taste
endocrine system common disorders seen with aging decreased pituitary secretions (growth hormone), decreased production of thyroid-stimulating hormone, decreased insulin production or increased insulin resistance, decreased production of parathyroid hormone
endocrine system expected age-related changes diabetes mellitus, hypoglycemia, hypothyroidism
reproductive & GU common disorders seen with aging changes in women - decreased estrogen levels, decreased tissue elasticity; changes in men - decreased testosterone levels, decreased circulation
reproductive & GU expected age-related changes uterine prolapse, vaginal infection, breast cancer, prostate cancer
Created by: breinard