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Mental Health

Pts with chronic/progressive illness are more prone to Depression and suicide
REBT states People are accepted unconditionally
Type of therapy that enforces that we can't change the past and need to develop socially acceptable behavior Reality therapy
Major concern for psychiatric pts Safety
Hyperviligence and flashbacks are common with PTSD
The phobia of open spaces Agoraphobia
This personality has a major concern for self-injury and has a history of unstable relationships Borderline
This personality lacks empathy, have a need for admiration and a sense of entitlement Narcissistic
This personality lacks social relationships and a range of emotions, and are discomforted by interpersonal relationships Schizoid
Includes racing thoughts and forced speech Mania
Pt displays depressed mood for at least two years to receive a diagnosis of this Dysthymia
Pts with disturbed sleep, depressed mood and thoughts of death may be suffering a what Major depressive episode
Axis 1 Psychiatric syndromes
Axis 2 Personality disorders and mental retardation
Axis 3 General medical conditions
Axis 4 Psycho-social and environmental problems
Axis 5 Global assessment of functioning
A pt refusing to discuss an issue is using what as a defense mechanism Repression
Pts taking neuroleptics may develop ticks (ex: lip smacking), this is known as Tardive dyskinesia
What should a nurse do with a paranoid pt Explain all procedures before performing
This personality engages in attention seeking behaviors Histrionic
This personality has social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy and hypersensitivity to negative evaluation Avoidant
Ritualistic or repetitive behaviors that a pt carries out continuously Compulsions
Occurs when a person inflicts illness or injury on someone else to gain attention Munch-howsens
Repeating Echolalia
Mirroring of movements Echopraxia
Refusing to speak Mutism
Statue-like state Catalepsy
Loss of interest in hobbies Anhedonia
Manic pts benefit from a reduction of what Environmental stimuli
Life threatening reaction r/t neuroleptic meds. Exhibited by: rigidity, fever, diaphoresis, sudden altered LOC Neuroleptic malignant syndrome
Involves using opposite behavior from what would be expected for a given situation Reaction formation
Clients suffering from mental illness have a higher incidence of _1_ and the nurse should watch for _2_ symptoms upon admission 1. Substance abuse 2. Withdrawl
S/S of withdrawl Tweaking, formication, hallucinations, delirium tremens
Created by: Paigeleaw