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Adult Health Nursing

Ch 5 GI Disorder & Ch 6 Assessory MEL

Achalasia inability of the cardiac sphincter to relax causing dyspepsia
Achlorhydria Absence of hydrochloric acid in the stomach with a high PH of 6
Anastomosis joining of two hollow oragans as in the intestine
Carcinoembryonic Antigen (CEA)- Substance present in embryonic life, but not in an adult. Indicative of metastatic GI cancer
Dehiscence Seperation of a surgical incision or rupture of a wound closure
Dysphagia Difficulty swallowing
Evisceration Protrusion of abdominal organs through a wound
Exacerbation Flare up of chronic illness
Hematemesis Bloody Emesis(vomiting, possible GI bleed)
Intussusception Telescoping of the bowel
Leukoplakia Pre-Cancerous whitish lesions found on the skin or mucous membranes
Lumen Opening
Melena Blood in the stool
Occult Blood Hidden blood as in the stool or urine test
Pathognomonic Sign or symptom specific to a disease
Peristalsis wave like movement used to get food down the esophagus and towards intestine
Remission Absence of symptoms
Steatorrhea fatty stools
Stoma Creation of an opening from within to the outside of the body
Tenesmus Painful straining at stool
Volvulus Tortion or twisting of the intestine
Salivary Glands 3 pairs located parotid, submandibular, sublingual produces saliva Lysozyme destroys bacteria preventing infection
Esphagus 10" long muscular, bolus of food, peristalsis
Cachexia Wasting and general look of ill health
Ascites accumuliation of fluid and albumin in the peritoneal cavity
Asterixis hand flapping tremor usually induced by extending arm and dorsiflexing the wrist freq seen in hepatic coma, involentary (abnormal muscle tremors)
Esophageal varices complex of longitudinal tortuous veins at the lower end of the esophagus portal hypertension
Flatulence excessive formation of gas in the stomach or intestine
Hepatic Encephalopathy brain damage caused by a liver disease and consequent ammonia intoxication cerum ammonia levels increase, comas
Hepatitis inflammation of the liver resulting from several causes, including several types of viral agents or exposure to toxic substances
Jaundice yellowish discoloration of the skin, mucous membranes and sclea of the eye caused by greater that normal amounts of billirubin in blood
Occlusion obstruction or the closing off in a canal vessel or passage of the body
Paracentesis procedure in which fluid is withdrawn from the abdominal cavity
Parenchyma tissue of an organ as distinguished from supporting or conective tissue
Spider Telangiectases dialated superficial arterioles, along face and nose
Steatorrhea excessive fat in feces, malabsorption syndrome
Created by: diamondgirljaz