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Managing Anxiety

Ch. 18 Morrison Ed. 5

TermDefinition
Signal Anxiety a learned response to an anticipated event
anxiety state occurs when one's coping abilities become overwhelmed and emotional control is lost
anxiety trait a learned component of the personality
coping mechanism behaviors to help decrease discomfort
defense mechanisms psychological strategies that help to lessen anxious feelings
avoidance behaviors refusing to cope with anxiety-producing situation by ignoring it
anxiety disorder exists when anxiety is expressed in ineffective or mal-adaptive ways and one's coping mechanisms do not successfully relieve the distress
panic attack a brief period of intense fear or discomfort
agoraphobia anxiety about possible situations in which panic attack may occur
phobia an internal fear reaction
obsession a distressing persistent thought
compulsion a distressing recurring behavior
addictive behavior obsessive-compulsive behavior thatt may form addiction such as gambling, working, shopping, excessive sexual activity
traumatic stress reaction a series of behavioral and emotional responses following an overwhelmingly stressful event
flashbacks symptoms of PTSD which are vivid recollections of the event where the individual relives the frightening experience
anxiety a feeling of uneasiness, uncertainty and helplessness
emotional response crying, communicating or sharing one's anxious feelings and using ego defense mechanisms
spiritual coping methods include prayer, faith and ritual
intellectual coping mechanisms aimed to making the threat less meaningful by changing one's perception
physical coping mechanisms include efforts to directly face and handle the problem
separation anxiety disorder diagnosed when children are unable to be without their parents for any length of time
overanxious disorder appears during childhood with unrealistic levels of anxiety lasting longer than 6 months (a long time in the life of a child)
generalized anxiety disorder diagnosed when an individual's anxiety is broad, long-lasting and excessive
social phobia an unrealistic and persistent fear of any situation in which other people could be judging
obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) persons are consumed by self-destructive, anxiety reducing thoughts or actions
displacement placing focus of anxiety into compulsive actions
cognitive-behavioral therapy helps clients intellectually understand the ineffective behaviors used to cope with anxiety and replace them with more successful behaviors
systematic desensitization clients learn to cope with one anxiety-provoking stimulus at a time until the stressor is no longer associated with anxity
flooding rapid and repeated exposure to the feared object or situation until anxiety levels diminish
Created by: dlbrown85