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Medical Terminology

PCT Class

QuestionAnswer
a- , -an without, not, lack of
ab- away from
ad- to, toward, near
ante- before, forward, in front of
anti- against
auto- self
bi- double, two, twice
brady- slow
circum- around
contra- against, opposite
de- down, from
dia- across, through, apart
dis- apart, away, free
dys- bad, difficult, abnormal
ecto- outer, outside
en- in, into, within
endo- inner, inside
epi- over, on, upon
eryth- red
eu- normal, good, well, healthy
ex- out, out of, from, away from half
hemi- half
hyper- excessive, too much, high
hypo- under, decreased, less than normal in, into, within, not
in- in, into, within, not
infra- within
inter- between
intro, -intra into, within
leuk- white
macro- large
mal- bad, illness, disease
meg- large
micro- small
mono- one, single
neo- new
non- not
olig- small, scant
para- beside, beyond, after
per- by, through
peri- around
poly- many, much
post- after, behind
pre- before, in front of, prior to
pro- before, in front of
re- again, backward
retro- backward, behind
semi- half
sub- under, beneath
super- above, over, excess
supra- above, over
tachy- fast, rapid
trans- across
uni- one
abdomin (o) abdomen
aden (o) gland
adren (o) adrenal gland
angi (o) vessel
arterio artery
arthr(o) joint
broncho bronchus, bronchi
card, cardi (o) heart
cephal (o) head
chole, chol (o) bile
chondr (o) cartilage
colo colon, large intestine
cost (o) rib
crani (o) skull
cyan (o) blue
cyst (o) bladder, cyst
cyt (o) cell
dent (o) tooth
derma skin
duoden (o) duodenum: first portion of the small intestine
encephal (o) brain
enter (o) intestines
fibr (o) fiber, fibrous
gastr (o) stomach
gloss (o) tongue
gluc (o) sweetness, glucose
glyc (o) sugar
gyn, gyne, gyneco women
hem, hema, hemo blood
hepat (o) liver
hydr (o) water
hyster (o) uterus
ile (o), ilo (o) ileum- final section of the last intestine
laparo abdomen, loin, or flank
laryng (o) larynx
lith (o) stone
mamm (o) breast, mammary gland
mast (o) mammary gland, breast
meno mestruation
my (o) muscle
myel (o) spinal cord, bone marrow
necro death
nephr (o) kidney
neur (o) nerve
ocul (o) eye
oophor (o) ovary
ophthalm (o) eye
orth (o) straight, normal, correct
oste (o) bone
ot (o) ear
ped (o) child ,foot
pharyng (o) pharynx
phleb (o) vein
pnea breathing, respirations
pneum (o) lung, air, gas
proct (o) rectum
psych (o) mind
pulmo lung
py (o) pus
rect (o) rectum
rhin (o) nose
salping (o) eustachian tube (or auditory tube), uterine tube
splen (o) spleen
sten (o) narrow , constriction
stomat (o) mouth
therm (o) heat
thoraco chest
thromb (o) clot, thrombus
thyr (o) thyroid
toxic (o) poison, poisonous
toxo poison
trache (o) trachea
urethr (o) urethra
urin (o) urine
uro urine, urinary tract, urination
uter (o) uterus
vas (o) blood vessel, vas deferens
ven (o) vein
vertebr (o) spine, vertebrae
algia pain
asis condition, usually abnormal
cele hernia, herniation, pouching
centesis puncture and aspiration of
cyte cell
ectasis dilation, stretch
ectomy excision, removal of
emia blood condition
genesis development, production, creation
genic producing, causing
gram record
graph diagram, recording instrument
graphy making a recording
iasis condition of
ism a condition
itis flammation of
logy study of
lysis destruction of, decomposition
megaly enlargement
meter measuring instrument
metry measurement
oma tumor
osis condition
pathy disease
penia lack, deficiency
phagia to eat or consume, swallowing
phasia speaking
phobia exaggerated fear
plasty surgical repair or reshaping
plegia paralysis
ptosis falling, sagging, dropping down
rrhage; rrhagia excessive flow
rrhapy stitching, suturing
rrhea profuse flow, discharge
scope examination instrument
scopy examination using a scope
stasis maintenance, maintaining a constant level
stomy; ostomy creation of an opening
tomy; otomy incision; cutting into
uria condition of the urine
Created by: SamanthaAli