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OB

unit 1

QuestionAnswer
3 leading causes of pregnancy (maternal) related deaths embolism, hemorrhage, pregnancy related hypertension
3 leading causes of infant mortality congenital malformations, deformities, and chromosomal abnormalities; disorders r/t short gestation and low birth weight (anything that causes mom to deliver early); SIDS
ductal system contains 3 things. what are they? vas deferens, ejaculatory duct, urethra
male glandular function parts (3) seminal vesicles, prostate gland, bulbourtheral/cowpers
functions of alkaline fluids (3) enhancement of sperm motility, nourishment of sperm, protect sperm - neutralizes acidic part of vagina and allows sperm to travel further
fallopian tubes extend from the uterus near the fundus to the ovaries and consist of the fimbria and ampulla
menstruation shedding of blood and tissue from the uterus; duration is 4-6 days; volume loss 25-60ml; average cycle lasts 28 days
ovarian cycle phases (3) follicular phase 1-14days; ovulation day 14; luteal phase day 15-28
follicular phase produces estrogen & increases which causes ovum egg to mature & produce blister; once recognizes estrogen levels & LH released during ovulation
ovulation phase occurs when follicle bursts and releases the mature egg into the abdominal cavity; the egg is then drawn into the fimbriae of the fallopian tubes
luteal phase begins once ovulation has occurred ; Lh levels remain high and the empty ovarian follicle turns into a yellow body called the corpus luteum and secretes estrogen & progesterone which is the main reason for miscarriages; when at lowest pt cycle starts over
how often does women between the ages of 20-30yrs old get a clinical breast exam? age 40yrs old and older? 20-30yrs every 3 years; age 40+ every year
when do pap smears start? how often between age 21-30? often 30+? age 21; 21-30 every 3 then 30+ every 5 years
PMS syndrome occuring in last half of menstrual cycle - strict dx guidelines - 7 symptoms free days then symptoms and affect you both emotionally and physically
fetal development includes (4) somatic cells, gametes cells, mitosis, meiosis
3 stages of fetal development pre-embryonic (end of 2nd week); embryonic (3rd week to end of 8th week) then called embryo; fetal stage (9th week to birth)
supportive structures of fetal development (4) amnion (closets to fetus); chorion (surrounding amnion outside); amniotic fluid (protects, thermoregulation, facilitate movement), placenta (organ that sustains and nourishes pregnancy)
3 main functions of placenta provides for transfer of waste and nutritive substances, filtering of substances, production of hormones - HCG is what shows up on pregnancy tests
whartons jelly clear substance that surrounds cord and prevents compression of the cord
fetal circulation structures (4) umbilical cord (2 arteries, 1 vein), ductus venosus (shunts blood past liver), foramen ovale (connects right and left atrium), ductus arteriosis (links pulmonary artery to aorta)
Created by: breinard
 

 



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