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CH. 11 Endocrine

Glands & Hormones

HormoneAction on Organ
Follicle-Stimulating Hormone Stimulates follicles in ovaries for growth and to secrete estrogen
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone Stimulates Adrenal Cortex to increase in size and to secrete its hormone
Luteinizing Hormone Stimulates ovarian follicle and ovum to develop to maturity and to secrete estrogen. Causes ovulation and luteinization. Stimulates corpus luteum to secrete progesterone and estrogen
Growth Hormone Accelerates anabolism of proteins and catabolism of fats. Slows catabolism of Carbohydrates
Prolactin Stimulates breast development during pregnancy and milk secretion after delivery
Oxytocin Promotes the release of milk and stimulates uterine contractions.
Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone Messages Thyroid Gland to secrete Thyroid Hormone
Antidiuretic Hormone Causes kidneys to conserve water by decreasing the amount of urine
Thyroxine Growth and development; metabolism
Triiodothyronine Activity of the nervous system
Calcitonin Decreases blood calcium levels by causing calcium to be stored in the bones .
Mineralcorticosteroids Water and Electrolyte Balance; indirectly manages blood pressure.
Glucocorticoids Involved in glucose metabolism; provides extra reserve energy in times of stress; exhibits anti-inflammatory properties.
Sex Hormones Androgens are male hormones; estrogen are female hormones
Epinephrine Causes the heart rate and blood pressure to increase
Norepinephrine Causes blood vessels to contract
Insulin Secreted in response to increase levels of glucose in the blood
Glucagon Secreted in response to decrease levels of glucose in the blood
Estrogen Responsible for the development of female secondary sex characteristics
Progesterone Maintains the preparation of the reproductive organs
Testosterone Development of male secondary sex characteristics
Thyroxin Plays an active role in the immune system
Melatonin Inhibits reproductive activities by inhibiting the Gonadotropic Hormones
Created by: WhyME