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Endocrine

Glands & Action

Gland/HormoneAction on Organ
Anterior Pituitary/Thyroid-Stimulating Stimulates thyroid gland to secrete thyroid hormone.
Anterior Pituitary/Follicle-Stimulating Stimulates follicles in ovaries for growth and to secrete estrogen
Anterior Pituitary/Adrenocorticotropic Hormone Stimulates adrenal cortex to increase in size and to secrete its hormone
Anterior Pituitary/Luteinizing Stimulates ovarian follicle and ovum to develop to maturity and to secrete estrogen stimulates corpus lutem to secrete progesterone and estrogens
Anterior Pituitary/Prolactin Stimulates breast development during pregnancy and milk secretion after delivery
Posterior Pituitary/Oxyticin Promotes the release of milk and stimulates and uterine contractions
Posterior Pituitary/Antidiuretic Cause the kidneys to conserve water by decreasing the amount of urine
Thyroid/Thyroxine Growth and development, metabolism
Thyroid/Triiodothyronine activity of the nervous system
Thyroid/Calcition decreases blood calcium levels by storing calcium in bones
Parathyroid/Parathormone increase the concentration of calcium in blood regulates phosphorous in blood
Andrenal Cortex/Mineralocorticoids water and electrolyte balance indirectly manages BP
Andrenal Cortex/Glucocorticoids involved in glucose metabolism provides extra energy in time of stress exhibits antiinflammatory
Andrenal Cortex/Sex hormones Males: androgen Femailes: estrogens
Adrenal Medulla/Epinephrine cause heart rate and blood pressure to increase
Adrenal Medulla/Noneripinephrine cause blood vessels to constrict
Pancreas/Insulin secreted in response to INCREASE levels of glucose in blood
Pancreas/Glucagons secreted in response to DECREASE levels of glucose in blood
Ovaries/Estrogen development of female secondary sex characterstics
Ovaries/Progesterone maintains reproductive organs
Testes/Tesosterone development of male secondary sex characterstics
Thymus/Thyroxin active role in immune system
Pineal/Melatonin stops reproductive activities by stopping gonadotropic hormones
Anterior Pituitary/Growth accelerates anabolism of proteins and catabolism of fats; slows catabolism of fats
Created by: Rbruce9