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Inside Earth

What is a hot spot? An area where magma burns through the crust.
What is a geyser? A jet of hot water that shoots up out of the water.
What is an Extinct volcano? Never Erupt again.
What is a caldera? A large crater made when a volcano empties it's magma chamber.
What is the ring of fire? Chain of volcanoes around the pacific plate.
What is a dormant volcano? A "sleeping volcano."
What is an explosive eruption? Produces Pyroclastic flows.
What is silica? oxygen and silica together.
What is a hot spring? A pool of water heated by magma.
What is an active volcano? A volcano that is currently erupting.
What is a quiet volcano? Produces two types of lava.
What is a volcanic neck? What forms when magma in a volcanoes pipe cools off.
What is a batholith? What is formed when a volcanoes magma chamber cools off.
What are the three types of volcanoes? Shield, Cimder Cone, and Composite
What is Shield? Largest type, shaped like a warors shield laying down, gentls slope, large crater, and quiet eruption.
What is Cinder Cone? Smallest type, steep slope, large crater, explosive eruptions.
What is Composite? Look like must mountains, alternating layers of ash and lava, explosive and quiet eruptions.
What are the three types of lava flows? Pryoclastic, Pahoehoe, and AA
What is AA? Slower moving, cooler than Pahoehoe, thick
What is Pahoehoe? Hot lava, moves fast, thin
What is Pryoclastic? most dangerous, composed of gasses, cinder, ash, and thick and sticky lava.
What are the three types of plate boundaries? Divergent, Convergent, and Transform.
What are the three different types of stress? Tension, Compression, and Shearing.
What are the three different types of faults? Normal, Reversal, and Strike-slip.
What is folding? The bending of rock upward or downward.
What are P Waves? Waves that come first in an earthquake.
What are S Waves? Waves that at come second in earthquakes.
What is stress? The amount of force put on a given material.
What is deformation? The folding, breaking, or flow of the Earths crust.
What is the Epicenter? The point directly above the surface in an earthquake.
Created by: 16sabbate