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Adult Health Nursing

Ch 11 Endocrine Vocab MEL

Chvostek's Sign Abnormal spasm of the facial muscles elicited by, light taps on the facial nerve in patients who are hypocalcemic
dysphagia Difficulty swallowing
Endocrinologist Physician who specializes in endocrinology
Glycosuria Abnormal presence of a sugar especially glucose in the urine
Hirsutism Excessive body hair in a masculine distribution
Hyperglycemia Greater than normal amounts of glucose in the blood
Hypocalcemia Deficiency of calcium in the blood serum
Hypokalemia In adequate amount potassium, major intracellular cation, is found in the circulating blood stream
Idiopathic hyperplasia Increase in the number of cells without known cause
Ketoacidosis Acidosis accompanied by an accumulation of ketone in blood resulting from faulty carb metabolism
Ketone bodies Normal metabolic products, such as the – B-hydroxybutyric acid and aminoacetic acid, from which acetone may arise spontaneously
Lipodystrophy Abnormalities in the metabolism or deposition of fats; insulin lipodystrophy is the loss of local fat deposits
Neuropathy Abnormal condition, inflammation, and degeneration of peripheral nerves
Polydipsia Excessive thirst
Polyphagia Excessive eating - eating to the point of gluttony
Polyuria Excreting abnormally large quantity of urine
Turgor Normal resiliency of skin
Diabetes mellitus - type 1 Impairs glucose tolerance, destruction to beta cells, deficient insulin production, insulin dependent,and normally juvenile
Diabetes mellitus - type 2 Impairs glucose tolerance from an abnormal resistance to insulin action; non-insulin diabetes
Anterior pituitary Body cells - GH - growth hormone
Exocrine gland Secrete through a series of ducts(sudoriferous and sebaceous glands of the skin), work closely with the nervous system
Endocrine glands Ductless, release secretions directly into the bloodstream, and have regulatory function Communicates more slowly through hormones to control homeostasis, chemical messengers through bloodstream to target organs, then metabolic change occurs Generalize effect on patient's metabolism, growth, development, reproduction, and many other bodily activity
Negative feedback A decrease in function in response to stimuli Amount of hormonal release is controlled by this
Pituitary gland a.k.a. Master class, pea-sized Controls other endocrine glands works closely with the Hypothalamus of the brain a saddlelike depression in the sphenoid bone
Trousseau's sign Assesses for latent tetany; carpal spasm is induced by inflating B/P cuff on the upper arm to pressure exceeding systolic BP for 3 minutes; positive result may be seen in hypercalcemia and hypomagnesemia
Created by: diamondgirljaz