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Cubangbang #160625

Cubangbang's 8th Ch. 3 Glory of the Stars Stack #160625

The Bible first mentions constellations in this book Job
A stationary, pole like device used to determine the position and motion of the sun by the shadow it casts gnomon
A structure in England noted for its huge stones arranged in a roughly circular pattern that some believe may be a solar observatory stonehenge
The first type of telescope invented; uses lenses; type built by Galileo refractor
The problem with refractor telescopes; distortion in color chromatic aberration
Type of telescope that uses mirrors to collect incoming light; type built by Newton reflector
Type of telescope that uses both lenses and mirrors to gather light; Schmidt Cassegranian telescope composite
Most common nonoptical telescope; detects wavelengths other than visible light radio
The ability to bring out details in an image resolution
Modern advances in telescope design includes honeycomb mirrors, segmented mirrors, computer-controlled mirror actuators
Types of telescope mounts altazimuth, equatorial or German, Dobsonian
A type of telescope mount that allows the viewer to follow a star with only one telescope motion equatorial or German
Number of constellations 88
The brightest star in a constellation is known by its Greek letter Alpha and Latin Name
Brighter stars have this mathematical symbol -
Fainter dimmer stars have this mathematical symbol +
The distance that light travels in one year; equals 5.9 trillion miles light year
Besides a stars apparent magnitude, its ___ also affects its brightness distance
5 ways to classify stars brightness, distance, motion, color, size
instrument found above the earth's atmosphere that has done much to reveal the magnificence of the heavens than any other instrument Hubble Space telescope
the plane of the earth's equator projected into the sky celestial equator
also known as celestial latitude; angle of an object in the sky from earth declination or DEC
Used in finding a star's location using celestial coordinates declination, celestial equator, and right ascension
A star's real movement across the sky; what we see; first detected by Edmund Halley proper motion
star movement directly toward or away from us radial motion
a star that changes in brightness because it expands and contracts regularly; not 2 stars; type of star the Delta Cephei is. Cepheid variable
a star that explodes and sometimes leaves behind a neutron star supernova
star that sometimes increases many times in brilliance for a period of time then returns to its normal brightness nova
another name for a neutron star that gives out strong, rapidly changing radio signals pulsar
another name for a neutron star that is not a pulsar; it has extremely strong rotating magnetic fields magnetar
Colors of the hottest star to coldest star (in order) violet, blue, white, yellow, orange, red
Several stars that have the same motion; either open or globular star clusters
a group of millions of stars galaxy
the name of our galaxy; a spiral galaxy that contains the Sun (the star that holds this galaxy's greatest apparent magnitude) Milky Way
galaxy shapes spiral, elliptical, irregular, barred spiral
large, visible mass or cloud of gas & dust; basically just a region filled with gas and/or dust nebulae
Nebulae are grouped into either emission, refletion, dark, planetary, or supernova remnants. Which nebulae can be observed when they block the light from more distant stars or nebulae Dark nebulae
unusual, distant, rapidly moving objects that do not readily fit into the standard theories of the universe; objects whose true nature has puzzled astronomers quasars
He developed the first catalog of nonstellar objects Charles Messier
a supposedly extremely dense object that can trap even light black hole
Very-hot, blue-white stars; usually have the diameter one-half to four times of Earth white dwarfs
Created by: jcubangbang