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Apologia Elementary

Exp Creation with Zoology 2 by Jeannie Fulbright lesson 1 vocab

Aquatic animals Swimming animals are called this because aqua is a latin word that means "water"
Nektonic Come from the Greek word for "swimming" These animals get from one place to another by propelling, gliding or paddling through the water
Bethnic Animals that cannot swim but scurry, crawl, hop, scoot, burrow, or slither across the bottom of a body of water.
Sessile These animals stick themselves to one place and sit there. Comes from the latin word sessilis
Plankton Animals that drift; they may be able to swim weakly, but not strong enough to swim against the current
Phytoplankton More like plants and make their own food through photosynthesis
Zooplankton More like animals, they need to eat to get fooed.
Mammals Warmblooded creatures that breathe air, give birth to live young that drink milk from their mother's body. They also have hair and a backbone.
Reptiles Cold blooded creatures that have scales, breathe air, lay eggs, and have a backbone
Amphibians Cold blooded creatures that breathe air, lay eggs, have a backbone but do not have scales
Fishes Cold blooded creatures with a backbone, scales and use gills to breathe underwater
Vertabrates Creature that has a backbone
Invertabrate Creatures that don't have a backbone
Head of a River The beginning of a river
Mouth of a River The end of the river
Surface currents Currents that form on the surface of the ocean, usually formed by the winds
Gyres surface current that is mostly circular
High tide When the water comes way up onto the shore
Low tide When the water pulls way back and exposes a lot of the beach
Spring tide During a new moon or a full moon, thehigh tide is higher than usual and the low tide is lower than usual because of the gravitational pull of the sun and moon
Neap tide During a quarter moon, the high tide is lower and the low tide is higher because of the gravitational pull of the sun and moon
The 4 oceans Pacific, Atlantic, Indian and Arctic
Seas Seas are smaller than oceans, but made up of salt water. They are mostly surrounded by land and usally joined to an ocean on at least one side
Fresh water Not salty like the ocean
Estuary The place where a river meets with an ocean or sea
Continental shelf The part of the continent that is under water; it slopes gradually downward
Continental slope The drop off into the deep ocean at the end of the continental shelf
Continental rise Near the very end of the drop off, there is a much more gentle slope
Abyssal plain The deep dark ocean floor at the end of the continental rise
Sunlit zone Part of the abyss that is well lit by the sun
Twilight zone Part of the abyss that is fairly dark with very little sunlight coming through.
Midnight zone Part of the abyss that is deeper and no light from the sun ever reaches this deep into the ocean and causes it to be darker than midnight
bioluminescence the ability of some animals to make their own light
submersibles Underwater spaceships designed by man
Created by: sandcroberts