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Biology Regents Revi

TermDefinition
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, and Nitrogen the most common elements in living things
Organic molecules contain carbon and hydrogen (ex: C6H12O6)
Inorganic molecules do not contain carbon and hydrogen (ex: CO2)
Carbohydrates supply living things with energy
Simple Carbohydrates monosaccharides
Complex Carbohydrates polysaccharides
Starch plants store this as excess glucose
Glycogen humans store this as excess glucose in muscles
Fats, Oils, and Waxes types of lipids made from glycerol
Phaspholipids types of lipids which form the bilayer of the cell membrane
Steroids types of lipids which include sex hormones and cholesterol
Proteins made from amino acids (peptides)
Polypeptides another name for proteins and your body's only source of nitrogen
Enzymes function of proteins (acts as catalyst), sped up rate if chemical reactions, end with the suffix "ase"
Receptors function of proteins (molecules on the cell membrane)
Antibodies function of proteins (specialized proteins that mark invaders for destruction)
Hormones function of proteins (chemical messages)
Substrate specific molecule an enzyme binds to
Denaturation very high temperatures and extreme changes in PH causes enzymes to lose their shape, this is know as...
Created by: gmottola