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Stress-Cell Diseases

Chapters 1,2,3,4,6

QuestionAnswer
What is pathology? The study of the nature or cause of disease.
What is pathophysiology? How normal processes are altered by disease.
What is pathogenesis? The evolution of a disease.
Clinical manifestations-What is the latent period? The time between exposure to a pathogen, chemical or radiation, and when symptoms first become apparent.
Clinical manifestations-What is the prodromal period? Appearance of the first signs or symptoms indicating the onset of a disease.
Clinical manifestations-What is the incubation period? In infectious diseases, the time between exposure to a pathogen, chemical or radiation, and when symptoms first become apparent.
Clinical manifestations-What is the silent period? During the course of a disease, signs and symptoms may become mild or disappear for a time.
Clinical manifestations-What is the subclinical period? In which the patient functions normally, but disease processes are well established.
What is homeostasis? Stability, sameness, constant (of body systems, etc.).
What is allostasis? Adaptation to change in order to achieve homeostasis.
What is disease? A disease is an abnormal condition (outside of normal range) that affects the body of an organism.
What is etiology? The study of causation, or origination (of disease).
What is pathogenesis? The mechanism that causes a disease.
What is sequela? A chronic condition that is a complication of an acute condition that begins during that acute condition.
What is an inherited disease? Passed from parents genes.
What is a familial disease? An abnormal protein is produced.
What is a congenital disease? A condition existing at birth and often before birth, or that develops during the first month of life.
What is a degenerative disease? The function or structure of the affected tissues or organs will increasingly deteriorate over time, whether due to normal bodily wear or lifestyle choices such as exercise or eating habits.
What is an autoimmune disease? An abnormal immune response of the body against substances and tissues normally present in the body.
What is Hypersensitivity (allergies) disease? Undesirable reactions produced by the normal immune system.
What is Immunodeficiency disease? A state in which the immune system's ability to fight infectious disease is compromised or entirely absent.
What is neoplastic disease? An abnormal mass of tissue as a result of abnormal growth or division of cells.
What is nutritional disease? A deficiency of proteins, calories and/or vitamins.
What is metabolic disease? Defects of single genes that code for enzymes that facilitate conversion of various substances (substrates) into others (products).
What is molecular disease? A defect in a single molecule causes many forms of this.
What is psychogenic disease? Physical illnesses that stem from emotional or mental stresses (within the mind).
What is iatrogenic disease? Preventable harm resulting from medical treatment or advice to patients.
What is idiopathic disease? Of an unknown origin.
What is necrosis? A form of cell injury that results in the premature death of cells in living tissue.
What is coagulative necrosis? Characterized by the formation of a gelatinous (gel-like) substance in dead tissues in which the architecture of the tissue is maintained.
What is liquifactive necrosis? Characterized by the digestion of dead cells to form a viscous liquid mass.
What is caseous necrosis? Dead cells disintegrate but are not completely digested, leaving granular particles.
What is apoptosis? Cell death triggered by intracellular signaling cascades that result in cell suicide.
What is rigor mortis? Chemical changes in the muscles after death, causing the limbs of the corpse to become stiff and difficult to move or manipulate.
What is livor mortis? A settling of the blood in the lower (dependent) portion of the body, causing a purplish red discoloration of the skin.
What is algor mortis? The reduction in body temperature following death.
What is autolysis? Commonly known as self-digestion, refers to the destruction of a cell through the action of its own enzymes.
What is atrophy? Decreased cell size.
What is hypertrophy? Increased cell size.
What is hyperplasia? Increased cell numbers.
What is metaplasia? Conversion of one cell type to another.
What is dysplasia? Disorderly cell growth.
Created by: 595076996