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Cells & Plants Test

Cells, Seeds, Germination, Gymnosperm, and Angiosperm Test

QuestionAnswer
vascular plant that uses seeds to reproduce, but the seeds are not surrounded by a protective container gymnosperm
very short, nonvascular plant that does not have true stems, roots or leaves moss
group of flowering plants that reproduce with seeds that are protected within a fruit angiosperm
the tiny plant that forms in the seed embryo
Movement of pollen from the male reproductive organs to the female reproductive organ pollination
For pollination to take place, polen grains must get to the _______________ of a flower pistil
What types of plants have flowers, roots, leaves, and stems? angiosperms
Where do new seeds begin to form? pistil
What type of fruit is a tomato? (bonus) berry
What type of fruit are strawberries and raspberries? (bonus) aggregates
female part of the flower pistil
male part of the flower stamen
these nonvascular plants must live in very moist areas moss
part of the seed that surrounds the embryo and provides food for it while it germinates cotyledon
Which type of gymnosperm cones hold the seeds? female cones
special plant tissues that carry water from the roots to the leaves xylem
special plant tissues that carry food from the leaves to the rest of the plant phloem
type of plant that must absorb water and nutrients directly from the soil or air and pass it from cell to cell nonvascular plants
What three things to plants absolutely need in order to germinate? water, oxygen, warmth
What is another word that means the plant begins to sprout? germinate
Which grows taller: vascular or nonvascular plants? vascular
Do plants need sunlight in order to germinate? no
Which part of the seed protects the seed until it is ready to germinate? seed coat
Which part of the seed grows into the plant? embryo
Do nonvascular plants use spores or seeds to reproduce? spores
Which is microscopic: seeds or spores? spores
Which has their own food source stored inside: seeds or spores? seeds
What major category of plants have special tissues that carry water, nutrients, and food to the rest of the plant? vascular plants
cell organelle that creates energy for the cell mitochondria
cell organelle that mainly stores water for plant cells vacuole
jelly-like substance in which all the cell's organelles float cytoplasm
thicker outer layer of a cell that adds extra protection cell wall
control center of a cell nucleus
thin layer of a cell that decides what enters and leaves the cell cell membrane
cell organelle that uses sunlight to make food for the cell chloroplast
Can a baby plant continue to grow without sunlight once the food in the cotyledon is used up? No
Created by: Cabrini