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CP DNA/ Protein Syn

DNA/ Protein Syn f14

Anticodon 3 nitrogen bases one end of a tRNA molecule that carries amino acids.
Codon – 3 nitrogen base sequence for mRNA that codes an amino acid
Complementary base pairing – cytosine, uracil, adenine, guanine, and thymine
DNA a nucleic acid which stores the genetic information
Gene A discrete unit of hereditary information that codes for a trait
mRNA – made from DNA in the nucleus that codes for an amino acid
nitrogenous base An organic base that contains the element nitrogen found in DNA/RNA
nucleotide The building block of a nucleic acid, consisting of a five
peptide bonds – joins amino acids together to form a protein
transcription The synthesis of mRNA from a DNA template
translation The synthesis of a polypeptide using the genetic information encoded in an mRNA molecule. There is a change of "language" from nucleotides to amino acids.
tRNA functions as an interpreter between nucleic acid and protein language by picking up specific amino acids and recognizing the appropriate codons in the mRNA.
differentiation The structural and functional divergence of cells as they become specialized during their development; dependent on the control of gene expression.
gene regulation the various systems that control and determine which genes are switched on and off, and when, how long, and to what extent the genes are expressed.
Created by: nbctbio