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Psych Tech

Mr. D 2nd Test

QuestionAnswer
If you find a mistake in this study stack what should you do. Email me using the school email and tell me about which question needs fixing.
Mental Health The successful adaptation to stressors from the internal (Nature) or external (Nurture) environment, evidenced by thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that are age-appropriate and congruent with local and cultural norms.
Mental Illness Maladaptive responses to stressors from the internal (Nature) or external (Nurture) environmnt, evidnced by thoughts, feelins, and behavors that are incongruent with the local cultrl norms, & intrfre with society, occuptionl, and /or physical functioning.
Prehistoric Times: Abnormal behavior is attributed to Supernatural
Trepanning/Trephination Hole bored in skull during Prehistoric Times. Earliest surgery.
Delusion Fixed False Belief
Hallucination Anything that alters 1 of the 5 senses. Auditory and Visual distortions are the most common hallucinations.
Two Theories of Mental Illness 1 Mental Illness is caused by POSSESSION, thought to be utterances of the gods. 2 Belief that all illness, has NATURAL ORIGINS.
Aristotle Contemplated the role of GENETIC INHERITANCE
The Age of Faith (Middle Ages): Mental illness was caused by Demonic possession- treatment involved exorcism
The Renaissance Witch hunts begin. Blame fell upon women.
17th Century General belief If mad people behaved like animals, they should be treated like animals.
17th Century Robert Burton's (Anatomy of Melancholy) Proposed therapeutic program of exercise, music, drugs, and diet.
17th Century Private Madhouse Mental health problems were often cared for privately. Treatment varied according to ability to pay.
18th Century Asylums Built to house people with mental health problems. New Bethlem Royal Hospital (Bedlam) most infamous. Mental illness considered a moral weakness.
18th Century Benjamin Rush Father of American Psychiatry. Mental illness is a disease of the mind and not a "possession of demons".
19th Century Turning point American Civil War Veterans get PTSD and enter mental hospitals and asylums. Drugs (opium) for treatment. 264,000 with possible PTSD.
What is the current ratio of returning veterans with PTSD(Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome)? "1 of 8 returning veterans return from war with PTSD." -Mr. D
Medical Treatments of 1930's include Removal of a person's teeth and large intestines, induced fevers, sleep therapy, hypothermia, bath treatments, and lobotomy.
Walter J. Freeman Developed the trans-orbital lobotomy.
Thorazine Psychotropic medication pioneered in 1954 to treat mentally ill. Blocks dopamine.
John F. Kennedy Community mental health movement because of mentally ill sister.
1972 federal court ruling. Patients could no longer work at mental institutions without pay.
Deinstitutionalization Gov' pushed for deinstitutionalization of psychiatric hospitals. Started by John F. Kennedy federal regulation for community mental health movement, and insurance, and states offering of money to asylums to decrease their populations.
Consequence of Deinstitutionalation Asylums close, homeless populations increased.
Cognitive Disorder / Thinking Disorder May just be a chemical imbalance. May not be a gene, but can still be inherited.
Personality Disorder How you relate to other people. Patient may not be aware of illness.
Dementia Global impairment of cognitive functioning that is progressive and interferes with social and occupational abilities.
Most common form of Dementia Alzheimer's. "1% of population has Alzheimer's disease." -Mr. D
If identical twin has Alzheimer's, what is the % chance that the other twin will also develop Alzheimer's? 50%. -Mr. D
3 reasons that SVP's like Pedophilia. 1 Limbic System Problem. Biological treatment such as chemical castration. 2 Growth and Development issues. Therapy, talk about childhood. 3 Behavior Theory. Behavior technique therapy and PPG (Penile plethysmography or phallometry test)
Megan's Law Requirement for Sex offender's to be registered in the state of California.
Sexually Violent Predator (SVP) laws Started January 1, 1996. Incarceration of SVP in state hospital after fulfillment of prison time is completed, until cleared by Dr.
Dopamine 1 Motor Movement. 2 Emotions. 3 Sympathetic Nervous System. 4 Pleasure (Limbic). 5 Voluntary Decisions (Most important for schitzophrenia)
Thorazine side effects Pseudo Parkinsonism, Shuffled gait, Hand tremor, (bradykinetic) slow movement, slow thinking, and flatness affect (mask).
DSM Axis 1 Clinical Disorders and other Conditions that may be a focus of clinical attention.
DSM Axis 2 Personality Disorders and Mental Retardation.
DSM Axis 3 General Medical Conditions.
DSM Axis 4 Psychosocial and Environmental Problems.
DSM Axis 5 Global Assessment of Functioning.
PDR Physicians Desk Reference
SOAPIE Subjective Data, Objective Data, Assessment, Plan, Intervention, and Evaluation.
Native American Cultural Characteristics Comfortable with silence, Direct eye contact considered rude, Uncomfortable with touch, large extended space important, and non-traditional healer (shaman) uses folk practices to heal.
Culture Describes a particular society's entire way of living, encompassing shared patterns of belief, feeling, and knowledge that guide people's conduct and are passed down from generation to generation.
Ethnicity Is a somewhat narrower term and relates to people who identify with each other because of a shared heritage.
Mild Anxiety Coping mechanisms: eating, yawning, drinking
Mild to Moderate Anxiety Ego defense mechanisms: compensation, denial, rationalization
Moderate to Severe Anxiety Psycho-physiological responses: headaches, anorexia, ulcers, sexual dysfunctions
Severe Anxiety Psycho-neurotic responses: phobias, obsessions, multiple personality
Panic Anxiety Psychotic responses: schizophrenia, delusional
Created by: Sanctus Verus