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Human Geography

Chapter 1: Thinking Geographically

TermDefinition
Abiotic A system composed of nonliving or inorganic matter.
Atmosphere The thin layer of gases surrounding Earth.
Biosphere All living organisms on Earth.
Biotic The system composed of living organisms.
Cartography The science of making maps.
Concentration The spread of something over a given area.
Connection Relationships among people and objects across the barrier of space.
Contagious Diffusion The rapid,widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population.
Cultural Ecology The geographic study of human-environment relationships.
Cultural Landscape Fashioning of a natural landscape by a cultural group.
Density The frequency with which something exists within a given unit of area.
Diffusion The process of spread of a feature or trend from one place to another over time.
Distance Decay The diminishing in importance and eventual disappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its origin.
Distribution The arrangement of something across Earth's surface.
Ecology The scientific study of ecosystems.
Ecosystem A group of living organisms and the abiotic spheres with which they interact.
Environmental Determinism A nineteenth- and early twentieth-century approach to the study of geography that argued that the general laws sought by human geographers could be found in the physical sciences. About how the physical environment caused human activities.
Mapscale The relationship between the size of an object on a map and the size of the actual
Meridian An arc drawn on a map between the North and South poles.
Parallel A circle drawn around the globe parallel to the equator and at right angles to the meridians.
Place A specific point on Earth distinguished by a particular characteristic.
Polder land created by the Dutch by draining water from an area.
Possiblism the theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives.
Prime Meridian The meridian, designated as o degrees longitude that passes through the Royal Observatory at Greenwich , England.
Projection The system used to transfer locations from Earth's surface to a flat map.
Region An area of Earth distinguished by a distinctive combination of cultural and physical features.
Relocation Diffusion The spread of a feature or trend through bodily movement of peoples from one place to another.
Remote Sensing TEH acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting the planet or other long-distance methods.
Scale The relationship between the portion of the Earth being studied and Earth as a whole.
Site The physical character of a place.
Situation The location of a place relative to other places.
Space the physical gap or interval between two objects.
Space-Time Compression The reduction in the time it takes to diffuse something to a distinct place, as a result of improved communications and transportation systems.
Spatial Interaction The movement of physical processes, human activities, and idea within and among regions.
Expansion Duiffusion
Created by: Raelee
 

 



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