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Ecology Vocabulary

Ecology the study of the interactions that occur among organisms and their environments
Biosphere -part of the Earth that supports life -includes the top portion of the Earth's crust, waters that cover the Earth's surface and the atmosphere
Population made up of all members of the same species that live in the same ecosystem at the same time
Community all the populations of all species living in an ecosystem
Habitat the place in which an organism lives ex. trees are a woodpecker's habitat
Ecosystem consists of all the organisms (grass, birds, insects) living in an area, as well as the non-living parts (water, temperature, sunlight, soil etc.)
Biome large geographic areas with similar climates and ecosystems
Species a particular group of animals or plants that are similar and can produce young animals or plants
Niche refers to the unique ways an organism survives, obtains food and shelter and avoids danger
Food Chain a sequence of who eats whom
Food Web model that shows the complex feeding relationships among organisms in a commmunity
Producer an organism such as a green plant that uses an outside source of energy such as the Sun to create energy rich food molecules
Consumer the need for animals to obtain food to get energy
Predator an organism that eats another organism
Prey an animal hunted or caught for food
Herbivore plant eater
Carnivore meat eater
Omnivore an animal that eats both plants and other animals
Decomposer breaks down dead plants and animals and then turns them back to the soil
Symbiosis the relationship between two different kinds of living things that live together and depend on eachother
Mutualism a type of symbiotic relationship between two organisms in which both organisms benefit
Commensalism a relationship between two types of organisms in which one obtains food or other benefits and the other organism is not affected
Parasitism a type of symbiotic relationship in which one organism benefits and the other organism is harmed
Created by: cneeson