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Adult Health Nursing

Ch 7 Blood/Lymphatic MEL

Anemia Blood disorder characterized by red blood cell, hemoglobin, and hematocrit levels below normal range
Aplasia In hematology, a failure of the norm process of cell generation and development
Disseminated intravascular coagulation(DIC) Acquired hemorrhage syndrome of clotting, cascade overstimulated lesion, and anticlotting processes
Erythrocytosis Abnormal increase in the number of circulating red blood cells
Erythropoiesis The process of red blood cell production
Hemarthrosis Bleeding into the joint space, a hallmark of severe disease usually occurring in the knees, ankles, elbows
Hemophilia A Hereditary coagulation disorder; caused by lack of antihemophilic factor 8, which is needed to convert prothrombin to thrombin through thromboplastin component
Heterozygous Having 2 different genes
Homozygous Having 2 identical genes, inherited from each parent, for a given hereditary characteristic
Idiopathic Cause unknown
Leukemia Malignant disorder of the hematopoietic system in which an access of leukocytes accumulates in the bone marrow and lymph nodes
Leukopenia abnormal decrease in the number of white blood cells to fewer than 5000 cells/MM 3 due to depression of the bone marrow
Lymphangitis Inflammation of one or more lymphatic vessels or channels; usually results from an acute streptococcal or staphylococcal infection and an extremity
Lymphedema Primary or secondary disorder characterized by the accumulation of lymph in soft tissue and edema
Multiple myeloma A malignant neoplastic immunodeficiency disease of the bone marrow; tumors composed of plasma cells
Myeloproliferative Excessive bone marrow production
Pancytopenic Deficient condition of all 3 major plot elements(red cells, white cells, and platelets); result from the bone marrow being reduced or absent
Pernicious Capable of causing great injury or destruction; deadly, fatal
Reed-Sternberg cells Atypical histocytes; large, abnormal, multinucleated cells in the lymphatic system, found in Hodgkin's lymphoma
Thrombocytopenia abnormal hematologic condition in which the number of platelets is reduced to fewer than the 100,000/mm3
plasma rbs, wbcs, platelets are suspended in a light yellow fluid 55% bloods volume 45% composed of blood cells and platelets
3 critical functions of blood transports oxygen and nutrition to cells and waste product away from cells regulates acid-base balance (PH)with buffers, regulates body temp protects the body against infection with special cells and prevents blood loss with special clotting mechanisms
Erythrocytes (RBC) give blood its rich color, constantly producing red bone marrow m-4.7-6.1 million w-4.2-5.4 million concave, actual cell count, classified according to size, shape, color carries oxygen from the lungs to the cells and carries carbon dioxide away from the cells to the lung
Erthropoiesis process of the RBC, depending on several factors
Most important body functions transportation and protection
circulatory system primary transportation fluid, blood viscous(thick), rbc, wbc, platelets
lymphatic system maintain fluid balance, and protect the internal environment
Created by: diamondgirljaz