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Mrs. T's Final Revie

Mrs. T's Final Review

universal solvent water
define organ tissue that work together to perform a function
place in order from simple to complex: molecules, atoms, tissues, cells, system atoms, molecules, cells, tissues, systems
define physiology study of functions of living things
opposite of distal proximal
opposite of superficial deep
structural and functional unit of life cell
opposite of lateral medial
how is an enzyme identified in a diagram it stays the same shape and size
function of centrioles cell division
most important energy compound in organisms adenosine triphosphate
building blocks of carbs monosaccharides
composition of plasma membrane phospholipids and proteins
describe 3 facts about aerobic cellular respiration occurs in mitochondria, uses oxygen, produces ATP
all the catabolic and anabolic reactions in the body are called metabolism
term for normal saline, used in eyedrops and IVs isotonic
function of rough ER protein synthesis and transport
structures that hold chromatids together centromeres
number of basic tissue types in human 4
functional unit of nervous tissue neuron
group of cells that work together to perform a specific function tissue
only connective tissue with a fluid matrix blood
ductless glands endocrine
tissue composed of a single layer of flat cells over a basement membrane simple squamous
type of tissue in intestines smooth, involuntary visceral muscle
fingerprints are due to... development of dermis
what are fingernails composed of? hard keratin
type of cells produced by mitosis body cells
transport of materials against a concentration gradient active transport
tissue type that stores energy adipose
most widely distributed type of tissue in body connective
tissue in heart cardiac muscle
pinocytosis and phagocytosis are examples of endocytosis
exceptions to cell theory 1st cell, mitochondria and chloroplasts have DNA, viruses
what does the skin produce when exposed to the sun? melanin and vitamin D
function of osteoblasts deposit calcium to form bone
what are parts of appendicular skeleton? arms and legs
where does growth of bone occur? epiphyseal plate
what holds bones together at a joint? ligaments
describe spongy bone made of plates called trabecular, with open spaces between trabeculae
second epidermal layer from surface stratum lucidum
function of haversian canal transport
which type of muscle is multinucleate/ skeletal
immovable joints of cranium are called sutures
age-related degenerative joints osteoarthritis
function of bone red blood cell formation, support and protection, attach muscles, store Ca and P
when does destruction and remodeling of bone occur? during growth, due to stress, during healing of fracture
where is smooth muscle located? stomach walls, walls of blood vessels
where is voluntary, striated muscle located? arms and legs
involuntary striated muscle tissue, composed of a network of branching, interconnected fibers cardiac muscle
a muscle that remains in a contracted state tetanus
muscle that extends the forearm triceps brachii
when does lactic acid build up? after strenuous activity, due to lack of oxygen. it causes cramping.
what makes up the thick muscle filaments? myosin
series of biophysical events that result in sarcomeres shortening is called... sliding filament theory of muscle contraction
lifting up a heavy weight is what type of exercise? resistance
impulses are conducted away from the cell body of a neuron by... axons
part of brain that interprets visual images occipital lobe
vital centers for control of heart rate, respiratory rate medulla
parts of peripheral nervous systems spinal nerves, cranial nerves, and ganglia
part of brain that links nervous and endocrine systems hypothalamus
two major divisions of the nervous system central and peripheral
neuron that carries message to brain and spinal cord sensory
path of a reflex sensory neuron - interneuron - motor neuron
gaps on the myelin sheath which allow impulses to jump at a faster rate nodes of Ranvier
connects the right and left hemispheres of the cerebrum corpus callosum
Created by: thomase