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Unit 3 Lessons 1+2

Matter and Energy

atom the smallest unit of an element that maintains the properties of that element
electron a subatomic particle that has a negative charge
nucleus in physical science, an atom's central region, which is made up of protons and nuetrons
proton a subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is located in the nucleus of the atom
neutron a subatomic particle that has no charge and that is locate din the nucleus of an atom
electron cloud a region around the nucleus of an atom where electrons are likely to be found
atomic number the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
mass number the sum of the numbers of protons and neutrons in the nucleus of an atom
periodic table an arrangement of the elements in order of their atomic numbers such that elements with similar properties fall in the same column, or group
chemical symbol a one, two, or three letter abbreviation of the name of an element
average atomic mass the weighted average of the masses of all naturally occurring isotopes of an element
metal an element that is shiny and that conducts heat and electricity well
nonmetal an element that conducts heat and electricity poorly
group a vertical column of elements in the periodic table
period in chemistry, a horizontal row of elements in the periodic table
Created by: 18aschmidt1016
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