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Types of Poetry

Glossary

TermDefinition
Ballard a poem that tells a story; ballads are usually sung
Free Verse poetry that does not follow any specific patterns in rhymes, but are not used in prescribed manner
Haiku a three-line Japanese poetic form in the lines follow the pattern of five syllables in the first line, seven syllables in the second line, and five syllables in the third line.
Limerick a five line poem that follows a specific rhyme scheme and rhythm. The first, second, and fifth lines contain eight syllables. Lines two and three contain six syllables. Limericks are usually funny or silly.
Lyric poem a poem that express the speaker's thoughts or feelings and creates a single, imaginative impression on the reader. Many poems can be classified as lyric poems including sonnets, ballads, and odes. (GREEK))
nARRATIVE POEM that tells the sequence of events of a story; "The Song of Wandering Aengus" is a narrative poem..
Ode a long, serious poem in praise of something.
Sonnet a very structured 14 line poem that follows a specific rhyme structure and rhythm. The most common sonnets are the Italian sonnet and the English sonnet.
alliteration the repetition of the first sound of a word, ,for example the "w" sound in "when white moths were on the winf" from the song of wandering aengus by W.B. Yeats
assonance similar vowel sounds in words that end with different consonants ; for example: wanders and watches, with eager ears" from Paul Revere's Ride
Consonace similar consonant sounds at the ends of words, i.e. blank, think, tank.
couplet two rhymed lines of poetry.
Diction the specific words an author chooses
extended metaphor The term extended metaphor refers to a comparison between two unlike things that continues throughout a series of sentences in a paragraph or lines in a poem. It is often comprised of more than one sentence and sometimes consists of a full paragraph.
figurative language using language to create a particular effect.
hyperbole exaggeration
iamb a metrical foot consisting of an unstressed syllable.
imagery the primary images or pictures the author uses to convey meaning in a poem
metaphor a comparison of two unlike things
narrator one who tells the story in a piece of work
onomatopeia when the sound of a word suggests a particular thing; for example; buzzing bees.
stanza a group of lines in poetry; in prose.
paraphase to restate a piece of writing in simple terms
parody an imitation of something, usually with the intent of making fun
persona the person created by the writer to tell a story
personification to give human qualities to something that is not human
quatrain for lines of poetry, which may be rhymed
rhythm like meter, rhythm refers to the beat of a poem, unlike meter, the rhythm of the poem may be irregular and different in every line
similie a comparison between two unlike things using like or as
speaker the voice that tells the story in a poem
tone the attitude or behavior the speaker has toward the subject matter, the tone could be formal, informal, humorous, serious, etc.
Created by: Sweet_BEAR980