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Adult Health Nursing

ch 9 Respiratory MEL

QuestionAnswer
Advantageous Abnormal Sounds superimposed on breath sounds
Atelectasis Collapse of lung tissues, preventing the respiratory exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen
Bronchoscopy Visual examination of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi using a standard rigid, tubular metal bronchoscope or a narrower, flexible fiber-optic bronchoscope
Cor pumonale Abnormal cardiac conditions characterized by hypertrophy of the right ventricle of the heart as a result of hypertension of the pulmonary circulation
Coryza Acute inflammation of the mucosal membranes of the nose and accessory sinuses, usually accompanied by edema of the mucosa and nasal discharge
Crackles Short, discrete, interrupted crackling or bubbling adventitious breath sounds heard on auscultation of the chest, most commonly upon inspiration
Cyanosis Slightly bluish, dark purple discoloration of the skin resulting from the presence of abnormally reduced amounts of oxygenated hemoglobin in the blood
Dyspnea Shortness of breath or difficulty in breathing
Embolism And abnormal certain circulatory condition in which an embolus travels through the bloodstream and becomes lodged in a blood vessel
Empyema Accumulation of pus in the body cavity, especially the pleural space, result of infection
Epistaxis Nosebleed; hemorrhage from the nose
Exacerbation An increase in the seriousness of the disease or disorder, Marked by greater intensity in the signs or symptoms of the patient being treated
Extrinsic Caused by external factors
Hypercapnia Greater than normal amounts of carbon dioxide in the blood
Hypoventilation Abnormal condition of the respiratory system that occurs when the volume of air is not adequate for the metabolic needs of the body
Hypoxia Inadequate, reduced tension of cellular oxygen
Intrinsic Caused by internal factors
Orthopnea Abnormal condition in which a person must sit or stand to breathe deeply or comfortably
Pleural friction rubs Low pitched, grating, or creaking lung sounds that occur inflamed pleural surfaces rub together during respiration
Pneumothorax A collection of air or gas in the pleural space, causing the lung to collapse
Sibilant wheezes Musical, high-pitched, squeaking, or whistle like sounds caused by the rapid movement of air through narrowed bronchioles
Sonorous wheezes Low pitched, loud, course, snoring sound
Stertorous Pertaining to a respiratory effort that is strenuous and struggling, which provokes a snoring sound
Tachypnea abnormal rapid rate of breathing
Thoracentesis Surgical perforation of the chest wall and pleural space with the needle for the aspiration of fluid for diagnostic or therapeutic purpose
Virulent Having the power to produce disease; of or pertaining to a very pathogenic or rapidly progressive condition
Created by: diamondgirljaz