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JKP Unit 3

Automaticity Reinforcement works without the need for verbal mediation
Automatic Direct action on the environment of the response
Socially mediated Consequence delivered by responding of another organism
Positive reinforcement stimulus presented or magnified following response,increases or maintains future frequency
Premack Principle high probability behavior reinforce low probability behavior and low probability behavior punish high probability behavior
Unconditioned reinforcer Stimulus usually reinforcing without prior learning
Conditioned reinforcer Stimulus initially has no reinforcing properties;acquires through pairing unconditioned reinforcer
Generalized conditioned reinforcers Conditioned reinforcer paired with variety other reinforcers, effective for wide range of behaviors
Avoidance Behavior terminates warning stimulus
Negative reinforcement stimulus removed following response,increases or maintains future frequency of behavior.
Escape Behavior terminates aversive stimulus
warning stimulus Conditioned aversive stimulus whose presence is correlated with upcoming onset of unconditioned aversive stimulus
Operant Extinction previously reinforced behavior weakened by withholding reinforcement
Extinction Burst Short term effect of extinction: increase in frequency or magnitude,topography change and emotional responding
Extinction is NOT (name 3) 1) decrease in rate regardless of procedure 2) Due to lack of opportunity respond 3) Passage of time
Sensory Extinction Masking sensory consequences of behavior
Spontaneous recovery Sudden temporary reappearance of behavior following extinction.
Recovery from punishment previously punished behavior strengthened by withholding punishment
Negative Punishment stimulus is withdrawn, removed or attenuated following response, decreases future frequency of behavior.
Positive Punishment stimulus presented or magnified following response, decreases future frequency of behavior.
Punishment stimulus change follows response, decreases future frequency of behavior.
consequential operations Presenting; withdrawing; withholding stimulus after response.
Thorndike’s main contribution Law of Effect
BF Skinner’s contributions (name 3) EAB; Operant chamber; Cumulative Record;Radical Behaviorism
Operant Behavior Acts on environment results from movement of skeletal frames
Reinforcement environmental change following response increases/maintains future frequency of behavior.
Reinforcement is descriptive not explanatory term!
Created by: Cambam