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newborn at Risk: sestational and acquired disorders

fetal growth restriction; occurs when the fetus does not receive adequate amounts of oxygen and nutrients necessary for the proper growth and development of organs and tissues; can begin at any time during the pregnancy. intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR)
the length of time between fertilization of the egg and birth. gestational age
newborn whose weight length and or heard circumference falls below the 10th percentile for gestational age. small for gestational age (SGA)
newborn whose weight, length, and or head circumference falls between the 10th and 90th percentiles for gestational age. appropriate for gestational age (AGA)
newborn whose weight length and or head circumference is above the 90th percentile for gestational age. large for gestational age (LGA)
newborn that weighs less than 2500g low birth weight (LBW)
newborn that weighs less than 1500g very low birth weight (VLBW)
newborn that weighs less than 1000g extremely low birth weight (ELBW)
premature, newborn born at less than 37 weeks gestation. preterm
postmature, newborn born at greater than 42 weeks gestation. postterm
newborn born between 37-42 weeks gestation. term
excess number of red blood cells polycythemia
abnormally large tongue, and can cause feeding difficulties macroglossia
facial paralysis resulting from injury to the cervical nerves Erb palsy
absence of breathing that lasts for at least 20 seconds or that causes cyanosis and or bradycardia apnea
"hyaline membrane disease"; occurs because of immature lungs that lack sufficient surfactant to decrease the surface tension of the alveoli; affects about half of all preterm newborns. respiratory distress syndrome (RDS)
bleeding into the brain's ventricles; a complication of preterm birth that occurs more often in the newborn of less than 32 weeks gestation. intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH)
form of retinopathy; degenerative disease of the retina, that's commonly associated with preterm newborns esp. those 28 weeks gestation or less. retinopathy of prematurity (ROP)
acute inflammatory necrotic disease of the intestine; mortality rate of 25%, surviving newborn often face life-long health challenges and disabilities, occur higher in preterms. necrotizing entercolitis (NEC)
refers to a condition in which the fetus or newborn develops respiratory distress after inhaling meconium mixed with amniotic fluid. meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS)
pathologic jaundice can lead to this disorder; a disorder in which excess bilirubin stains neurons in the brain and spinal cord leading to irreversible injury or death. kernicterus
Created by: gracekimes