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classical composers

chapter 11 music

TermDefinition
Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) • Born in Rohrau, Austria, died in Vienna
Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) • Served as a choir boy in Vienna at the age of 8 and was very influenced as a child by folk songs and peasant dances
Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) • Struggled as a music teacher and composer until he was hired at the age of 29 by the Esterháza family
Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) • Served the family for 30 years, providing music for the family
Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) composed an enormous amount of music and was very popular throughout Europe, and especially in London
Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) • He was very influenced by nature, which can be heard in his music
Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) • He wrote 104 Symphonies, 68 string quartets, and was a true pioneer of his time
Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) • Mozart and Beethoven were very much influenced by this musical celebrity
Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) •He stated: “Art is free. The educated ear is the sole authority,… and I think that I have as much right to lay down the law as anyone.”
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) • Born in Bonn, Germany, died in Vienna
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) • Came from a very musical family
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) • By 11, he was serving as assistant to the court organist
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) • By 12, he had published several compositions
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) • Mozart heard him play at 16, and thought very highly of him
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) • At age 20, Beethoven went to Vienna to study with Haydn (he later secretly went to another teacher)
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) • He was praised throughout Vienna, and unlike Mozart, was showered with gifts
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) • In 1809, nobleman came together in order to provide Beethoven with an annual income, stipulating only that Beethoven had to remain in Vienna
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) • At 29, Beethoven began showing symptoms of deafness
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) • Beethoven was a man of great contrast, and was very mysterious to his contemporaries
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) • Among Beethoven’s many works are 9 symphonies, piano sonatas, string quartets, two masses, and one opera
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) • He is known for bridging the Classical Era to the Romantic Era
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) • His music uses incredible tension, excitement, syncopation, dissonance, and a wide range of pitch and dynamics
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) • Born in Salzburg, died in Vienna
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) • A child prodigy on the harpsichord and violin by age 6 (and later on the piano)
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) • Composed as a child, and wrote in every style imaginable
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) • Major works include his many symphonies, piano works, operas such as The Magic Flute, The Marriage of Figaro, and Don Giovanni, and his Requiem, which was left unfinished at his death
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) • His Requiem was completed by Franz Xaver Süssmayr, a pupil of both Mozart and Salieri
Created by: droe