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Law & Society

TermDefinition
Double Dissolution a descision made by the head of state to dissolve both houses of Parliament
Judge a court official who has the power to make descisions on matters brought before the court
Anarchy disorder or confusion due to the absence of government or law
Appeal an application for a legal descision to be reviewed in a higher court
Access equal opportunity for all people to make use of the legal system
Adversarial System system in which two opposing parties present their arguments to a magistrate or judge
Committal Hearing a hearing in a Local Court to decide if there is enough evidence to put a person on trial for an indictable (serious) offence
Common Law system of law based on the previous decisions of judges, or precedents
Constitution a document which sets out how a body or country will be governed
Bail to release an accused person who is awaiting trial. Another person usually guarantees to pay a sum of money if the accused does not later appear in court on a certain date
Beyond Reasonable Doubt the standard of proof required in a criminal trial
Court a place where people can resolve disputes relating to law
Defendant the party in a criminal or civil trial against whom an action has been brought
Executive Council in Australia, a group that comprises the head of state and selected government ministers
Heirachy any system of things in a graded order
Discriminate to treat somebody differently or less favourably because of her/his personal characteristics, such as sex, nationality, religion
Jury a group of people selected to hear the evidence in a court case
Plaintiff the party that commences a civil action
Sue to bring a civil action against another person for causing damage or injury
Precendent a previous legal decision that serves as a rule or pattern in future cases
Private Law deals with disputes between private citizens
Public Law deals with disputes that affect the community
Trial a process to determine whether someone committed a criminal act or caused another person a loss
Statute laws made by parliament
Laws a set of legal rules
Magistrate a court offical who hears cases in the lowest court of law
Created by: Gary2796