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ch 10

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Baroque Era (1600-1750 • “Age of Absolutism”
Baroque Era (1600-1750 • Strong presence of wealth
Baroque Era (1600-1750 •Elaborate ornamentation in art and music
Baroque Era (1600-1750 • Catholic/Protestant regions become cl
Baroque Era (1600-1750 • Important scientific discoveries
Baroque Era (1600-1750 texture • Baroque composers used mostly homophonic texture and polyphonic texture in both instrumental and vocal music
Baroque Era (1600-1750 Tonal System (Major-Minor) • Tonal center, a pitch class, “home”
Baroque Era (1600-1750 Tonal System (Major-Minor) • Use of major & minor scales
Baroque Era (1600-1750 Tonal System (Major-Minor) • Use of tertian chords (“built of thirds”)
Baroque Era (1600-1750 Tonal System (Major-Minor) • Functional harmony
Baroque Era (1600-1750 Tonal System (Major-Minor) • Harmonic style represents music composed from approximately 1650-1900
Baroque Era (1600-1750 Continuo (Basso continuo/figured bass) • Harpsichord (or organ) & cello (or other bass instrument)
Baroque Era (1600-1750 Continuo (Basso continuo/figured bass) •The harpsichord is responsible for filling in or improvising harmonies based on chord symbols, which are called figured bass symbols
Baroque Era (1600-1750 Continuo (Basso continuo/figured bass) •The cello is responsible for a continuous bass line that emphasizes the main notes of the harmonies or chords, similar to the walking bass in jazz
Baroque Era (1600-1750 Continuo (Basso continuo/figured bass) • The combination of the bass line and the harpsichord is called basso continuo
Baroque Era (1600-1750 Word Painting • This compositional technique began during the Renaissance
Baroque Era (1600-1750 Word Painting • Composers used word painting to convey moods, emotions, images, and meanings suggested by text
Baroque Era (1600-1750 Instruments • Orchestral/lute/harpsichord/fortepiano/organ
Baroque Era (1600-1750 Chamber Music • The trio sonata, a type of chamber sonata, is one of the most important styles of chamber music from the Baroque
Baroque Era (1600-1750 Chamber Music • The trio sonata is actually made up of four musicians, including the continuo (harpsichord & cello), and two solo instruments, such as violin & oboe, two violins, two flutes, etc.
Baroque Era (1600-1750 Opera • One of the most important forms of the Baroque, which was developed around 1600
Baroque Era (1600-1750 Opera •The recitative (introduction to an aria) and aria (solo portion of an opera) helped to create drama and to provide a way to feature vocal virtuosity
Baroque Era (1600-1750 Orchestral Works • The concerto is a piece that features one solo instrument playing with the orchestra, such as Vivaldi’s Four Seasons, which features a solo violin
Baroque Era (1600-1750 Orchestral Works • The concerto grosso features a small group of soloists, such as listening example No. 55 in the text (Corelli’s Christmas Concerto
Baroque Era (1600-1750 Orchestral Works • The overture was originally intended to be an introduction to an opera, and eventually became an independent instrumental composition
Baroque Era (1600-1750 Orchestral Works • The dance suite was written for orchestras and for keyboard instruments, and is typically a set of contrasting dance movements
Baroque Era (1600-1750 Keyboard Works • Fugue is a compositional technique that uses imitative counterpoint built on one or two themes, such as Bach’s Fugue in C Minor
Baroque Era (1600-1750 Keyboard Works • The chorale prelude was simply an organ work based on a chorale tune
Baroque Era (1600-1750 Choral Music • The cantata and oratorio were the two major choral forms of the Baroque period
Baroque Era (1600-1750 Choral Music • The cantata was intended for worship, while the oratorio was intended for performance
Baroque Era (1600-1750 Choral Music • Both used sacred text, as used in example No. 58 (Bach), and in Handel’s Messiah
Created by: droe
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