Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards




share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Chapter 12 Growth

Human Growth and Development

QuestionAnswer
What is the name for the gradual physical decline that is related to aging and during which the body becomes less strong and efficient? Senescence
Where are the first visible changes of aging? Skin
Collagen decreases by what percent per year? 1%
True or False, by age 65, people lose about an inch of height? True
In which part of the body does age-related height loss occur The trunk, specifically the cushioning between the spine
Which narrows faster in aging, peripheral or frontal vision? Peripheral
Which vision shift is more pronounced, color or black and white? Color
Which eye issue becomes more pronounced gradually beginning in the 20's? A. Nearsightedness B. Farsightedness C. Estigmatism D. Glaucoma A. Nearsightedness
In middle age, which is more common? A. Nearsightedness B. Farsightedness B. Farsightedness
Gregg hold his newspaper far away from his face in order to read it. What eye degeneration is he suffering from? A. Nearsightedness B. Farsightedness C. Glaucoma D. Macular Degeneration B. Farsightedness
True or False, most older adults are both nearsighted and farsighted? True, younger adults are usually one or the other
What is the name for the loss of hearing associated with senescence? A. Tinnitus B. Cochlear stiffening C. Presbycusis D. Percussion C. Presbycusis
What is the most common reason for male infertility? A. Erectile Dysfunction B. Low testosterone C. Inability to Orgasm D. Low sperm Count D. Low sperm count
Once a person has reached adulthood, the vital capacity of his or her lungs drops about 4 % each: A. Year B. 5 years C. Decade D. lifetime C. Decade
If he is a typical, a 45-year-old man will probably state that he feels _____ than his chronological age. A. Older B. Exactly C. Half D. 5 to 10 younger D. 5 - 10 years younger
Obesity and weight-related medical problems are primarily reflective of which process? A. Homeostasis B. Allostasis C. Organ reserve D. Senescence B. Allostasis
Rita enjoys an evening walk through her neighborhood every day. This habit is likely to: A. Lighten her allostatic load B. Increase her allostatic load C. Impair long term health D. Improve her mood but have little impact on her long-term health A. lighten her allostatic load
Middle aged men and women in committed, monogamous relationships are MOST likely to be ______ with their sex lives? A. Extremely satisfied B. satisfied C. unsatisfied D. extremely dissatisfied A. Extremely satisfied
Infertility is defined as being unable to conceive after ___ months of trying to get pregnant? A. 3 B. 6 C. 9 D. 12 D. 12
Approximately 15% of US couples are: A. Infertile B. Celibate C. Unfaithful D. Same-sex A. Infertile
In approximately ___ of the cases, the cause of a couple’s infertility can be traced to the man A. 1/3 B. 1/2 C. 2/3 D. 3/4? A. 1/3
Malek is 45 years old. Research indicates that it will take him approximately ____ times as long to impregnate a woman now than 20 years ago A. 30 B. 35 C. 40 D. 45 D. 45
The risk of birth defects and later serious illnesses is 3% for what group of newborns? A. All B. Multiples C. In vitro D. Premature C. In vitro
Which is true of an aging brain: A. Neurons fire faster B. Reaction time lengthens C. Brain size increases, D. Multitasking becomes easier B. Reaction time lengthens
Before the age of 65 ___ percent of individuals experience significant brain loss? A. 1% B. 4% C. 8% D. 15% A. 1%
What are the odds a person will inherit the dominant gene for Alzheimer disease? A. 1 in 1000 B. 10 in 1000 C. 50 in 1000 D. 100 in 1000 A. 1 in 1000
True or false, severe brain loss that occurs before late adulthood could be caused by normal senescence? False
At what age does a female have the most acute hearing? A. 10 B. 18 C. 25 D. 35 A. 10
George is 65 years old and is experience age-related hearing loss. Which sound would be least audible to him? A. a low, bass beat B. Music on headphones D. the voice of a small child D. the voice of a small child
Which vision change ISN'T associated with aging A. night vision declines, driving at night is harder B. Nearsightedness increases while farsightedness decreases C. Those previously nearsighted can now drive without glasses D. Peripheral vision narrows B. Nearsightedness increases while farsightedness decreases
Which physical change does NOT typically occur in middle adulthood? A. Hair thins and treys B. Skin wrinkles C. Muscles weaken and waistline widens D. The space between spinal disks widens D. The space between spinal disks widens
In middle adulthood, a person is MOST apt to lose: A. A significant amount of weight B. Nearly an inch in height C. The ability to run more than a mile D. The ability to experience orgasm B. Nearly an inch in height
The average age of menopause is about ____ years A. 40 B. 45 C. 51 D. 60 C. 51
True or false, HRT involves replacing testosterone that naturally declines with age? False, it involves replacing estrogen and progesterone
True or False, Research on HRT has yielded consistent findings? False
True or false, some findings related to HRT’s efficacy may have been affected by SES? True
True or False, Hormone Replacement Therapy increases the risk of osteoporosis? False
The term andropause is sometimes used to refer to: A. Sudden loss in fertility in a middle-aged man B. Sudden drop in testosterone at about age 50 C. The age-related reduction in testosterone D. Impotence as a reaction to a wife’s menopause C. The age-related reduction in testosterone
The diseases and chronic conditions associated with aging A. Are inevitable, regardless of lifestyle B. May be slightly modified by lifestyle C. May have delayed onset due to lifestyle D. May be strongly affected by lifestyle D. May be strongly affected by lifestyle
A researcher is compiling data on the incidence of several different diseases. This data reflects: A. Mortality B. Morbidity C. Disability D. Vitality B. Morbidity
Difficulty in performing normal activities of daily life because of a "physical, mental or emotional condition" is called: A. Mortality B. Morbidity C. Disability D. Vitality C. Disability
The measure of health MOST indicative of the quality of one's daily life is: A. Freedom from mental illness B. Morbidity C. Disability D. Vitality D. Vitality
Examining worldwide trends in smoking shows that smoking: A. Is increasing worldwide, including North America B. Is a habit for 1/3 of adults in Greece and Turkey C. trends have been stable for 10 years D. is low in males from China and India B. Is a habit for 1/3 of adults in Greece and Turkey
All smoking diseases are: A. Dose and duration sensitive B. Decreasing worldwide C. Destructive only to the lungs D. Less likely to affect African Americans A. Dose and duration sensitive
What global trend is present in regards to alcohol? A. Rich countries have more abstainers and abusers B. Rich counties have more heavy drinkers C. Poor countries have more abstainers and abusers D. Poor countries have more moderate drinkers C. Poor countries have more abstainers and abusers
Research studies on alcohol use show that: A. Alcohol use of any kind is dangerous to health B. Alcohol raises "bad" cholesterol C. Moderate use of alcohol may increase longevity D. Alcohol abuse is most common during adolesence C. Moderate use of alcohol may increase longevity
As Tom helped himself to a fourth beer, he announced to everyone at the barbecue that alcohol is healthy in moderation. How does the text define "moderation"? A. 1 drink/day B. 2 drinks/day C. 3 drinks/day D. 3 drinks/week B. 2 drinks/day
Jim, who is 60, is slowly gaining weight. He isn't eating any more than usual. Why is he gaining weight? A. His metabolism slowed by 1/3 in late adulthood B. He's dehydrated C. His height is decreasing D. He took medication that increased his appetite A. His metabolism slowed by 1/3 in late adulthood
Which country has experience a double of its diabetes rate? A. US B. Mexico C. UK D. Canada A. USA USA USA
Currently in the US, ____ percent of adults are overweight A. 33% B. 50% C. 65% D. 75% C. 65%
In middle adulthood, an individual is obese if their BMI is greater than or equal to ____ A. 25 B. 30 C. 35 B. 30
Which statement about gastric bypass surgery is false? A. Death rates without it are higher for morbidly obese adults B. 25% of patients require additional surgery C. Surgery decreases the need for life-changing habits D. Surgery causes weight loss C. Surgery decreases the need for life-changing habits
What percentage of adults in the US get at least 30 min/day of exercise? A. Less than 1% B. More than 40% C. 20% D. Less than 5% D. Less than 5%
What is one crucial factor for success at the implementation stage of breaking a habit? A. Social Support B. Trying to tackle more than one habit at a time C. breaking the habit on one's own D. Not telling anyone of the plan or date of change A. Social Support
What is the term for the phenomenon that happens when a person’s resolve to break a habit fades when faced with stress? A. Attention myopia B. Stressor C. Allostatic Load D. Motivational Forgetting A. Attention myopia
Lena plans to quit smoking shortly before losing her job. In the ensuing turmoil she bought more cigs. This is an example of: A Attention myopia B. Poor planning C. Motivational forgetting D. Implementation C. Poor Planning
With which coping style do people try to attack a stressor in some way? A. Emotion-Focused B. Problem-focused C. Weathering D. Ignoring-Retreating B. Problem-focused
In which coping style do people try to change their attitude about a stressor? A. Emotion-focused B. Problem-focused C. Weathering D. Ignoring-Retreating A. Emotion-focused
Jay is stressed so she turns to friends for support. What best explains the physical aspect of her coping A. She arranges her life to minimize stressors, experiencing reduced stress B. Her body is producing oxytocin which encourages caring interaction B. Her body is producing oxytocin which encourages caring interaction
In the US, after age 35, a person’s life span increases ___ years for each year of education? A. 1.1 B. 1.4 C. 1.7 D. 2.3 C. 1.7
Which statement DOESN'T describe an effect of SES on lifespan? A. Higher educated people live longer B. In the US. the difference in lifespan between lowest and highest SES is 30 years C. The impact of SES on lifespan is decreasing in the US C. The impact of SES on lifespan is decreasing in the US
Which ethnic group in the US is most apt to die from breast cancer? A. Caucasian B. African American C. Chinese American D. Native American B. African American
Diseases of affluence: A. are now more common among the poor B. have been described as obesity-related C. have been linked with prescription drug use D. no longer includes Diabetes A. are now more common among the poor
Immigrants are statistically ____ than native-born individuals A. Healthier and wealthier B. healthier and poorer C. less healthy and poorer D. less healthy but wealthier B. healthier and poorer
Which psychologist proposed the existence of general intelligence, or g? A. Spearman B. Thurstone C. Gardner D. Sternberg A. Spearman
The term "g" refers to: A. grand intelligence B. general intelligence C. great intelligence D. gross intelligence B. general intelligence
Research that analyzes the cognitive development of the same individuals as they develop over the years is called: A. cross-sectional research B. representative samples C. longitudinal research D. sequential research C. longitudinal research
A problem with cross-sectional research is that: A. cohort differences can make it difficult to differentiate between developmental change and contextual differences B. retesting leads older subjects to do better C. intelligent people drop out A. cohort differences can make it difficult to differentiate between developmental change and contextual differences
The Flynn effect refers to the: A. rise in an individual’s IQ over the years B. decrease in IQ over the years C. Rise in average IQ over generations D. Decrease in average IQ over generations C. Rise in average IQ over generations
The Flynn effect is MOSt likely due to changes in: A. test-taking strategies B. electronic media C. people's reaction time D. nutrition, education, and health D. nutrition, education, and health
A Dr. studying math abilities finds differences between scores of adults born 50 years ago and those born 25 years ago. This is an example of: A. Failure of longitudinal research B. Advantage of cross-sectional research C. Cohort difference D. ur mom C. Cohort difference
Testing groups of subjects of different ages multiple times and comparing their scores with their previous scores plus scores of new groups the same ages is called: A. Longitudinal research B. Cross-sectional Research C. Cross-sequential research C. Cross-sequential research
Schaie’s cross-sequential research demonstrated: A. There is a decline in most abilities after age 30 B. Individuals improve in most mental abilities during adulthood C. Women are smarter than men B. Individuals improve in most mental abilities during adulthood
Which two researchers concluded fluid and crystallized intelligence are the most crucial aspects of intelligence? A. Cattel and Horn B. Bayley and Oden C. Sternberg and Gardner D. Jones and Conrad A. Cattel and Horn
Basic intelligence that makes learning quick and thorough is referred to as ____ intelligence? A. fluid B. crystallized C. practical D. intuitive A. fluid
Which statement about fluid intelligence is true? A. it is the accumulation of facts B. it is quick and flexible C. it includes long-term memory for dates in history D. it includes the size of one's vocabulary B. it is quick and flexible
Fluid intelligence includes: A. a knowledge of geographical facts B. the speed of processing mathematical information C. the size of one's science vocabulary D. the ability to recognize and name famous paintings B. the speed of processing mathematical information
Which is the best example of fluid intelligence? A. naming the British monarchs chronologically B. quickly recognizing relationships between words C. extensive knowledge of computer programming D. the ability to read and interpret an EKG B. quickly recognizing relationships between words
Which example relies MOST heavily upon crystallized intelligence? A. solving a crossword puzzle B. knowing the chemical symbols for various elements C. writing a poem about owls D. analyzing relationships between concepts B. knowing the chemical symbols for various elements
Analytic intelligence involves: A. the skills used in everyday problem solving B. abstract planning, focused attention, and verbal and logical skills C. an accumulation of facts and knowledge based on experience D. Being intellectually flexible B. abstract planning, focused attention, and verbal and logical skills
Students taking multiple-choice exams are using the form of intelligence Sternberg calls ____ A. Practical B. Analytic C. creative D. academic B. Analytic
Creative intelligence requires _____ thinking. A. divergent B. convergent C. adaptive D. practical A. divergent
Which of Sternberg's three forms of intelligence is sometimes called "street smarts"? A. creative B. practical C. analytic D. general B. practical
Practical intelligence would be needed to: A. study vocabulary for a foreign language test B. take a standard intelligence test C. improve reading speed D. understand the needs of family members D. understand the needs of family members
Betty is a retired nurse frequently called in to take over without time to get oriented. Which type of Sternberg’s intelligences is she using? A. practical B. creative C. flexible D. analytic A. practical
Over the long run, _____ intelligence is prized whenever life circumstances change or new challenges arise A. creative B. crystallized C. analytic D. practical A. creative
The Mullers have just had a baby. Both parents must now adapt to the new demands of caring for an infant. This requires ____ intelligence? A. Formal B. Creative C. Analytic D. Practical D. Practical
Which type of intelligence is MOST valued during high school and college? A. creative B. practical C. behavioral D. analytic D. analytic
What does the KIDI scale measure? A. Knowledge of Infant Digestion B. Knowledge of Infant Development C. Knowledge of Information Development D. Knowledge of Indicators of Depression B. Knowledge of Infant Development
When supportive, encouraging people visit low-income moms, the result: A. improved mom's knowledge of infant development B. increase in household income C. improved mom's ability to create an appropriate environment D. improved mom's analytic skills C. improved mom's ability to create an appropriate environment
What is the name of the process in which adults use their intellectual strengths to offset their age-related declining abilities? A. Compensatory thinking B. Selective Optimization with compensation C. Optimization of maturation and wisdom B. Selective Optimization with compensation
For a typical middle-aged adult, intelligence usually increases: A. in the specific areas that reflect their interest B. in all areas during adulthood C. Only areas related to work and employment D. slightly in random ways A. in the specific areas that reflect their interest
Which is the BEST example of using selective optimization with compensation? A. Driving a standard transmission so you wont forget B. Learning to play piano C. Using sticky note reminders in your home, office and car D. Wearing glasses C. Using sticky note reminders in your home, office and car
Who is a better choice for operating, a new doctor or an experienced doctor? A. Experienced, surgery completed more quickly B. Experienced, more strategic and flexible C. New, knows recent techniques D. New, younger, thinks faster & can adjust better B. Experienced, more strategic and flexible
When developmentalists use the term "expert," they mean a person who: A. is gifted in one area B. has earned advanced credentials in his or her special area C. is innately skilled D. is significantly better than others at performing a certain task D. is significantly better than others at performing a certain task
To solve a problem in their specialty, the expert is more likely than the novice to: A. rely on past experiences B. give conscious attention to all aspects of the problem C. rely on formal procedures D. verbalize exactly how they achieve results A. rely on past experiences
Compared to novices, experts typically: A. work more slowly B. are less flexible C. are more intuitive D. exhibit more arrogance C. are more intuitive
When the though required for action has become routine, and it appears that most aspects of the task are performed instinctively, the performance of the task is: A. automatic B. optimized C. compensated D. efficient A. automatic
Thinking that occurs without deliberate, conscious thought is ____ processing. A. strategic B. flexible C. automatic D. intuitive C. automatic
Experts tend to be intuitive, automatic, ___ & ____ in their thinking. A. strategic; inflexible B. strategic; flexible C. flexible; analytical D. analytical; inflexible B. strategic; flexible
Which about age and expertise is true? A. Expertise can overcome some of the detrimental effects of age but not all B. Expertise can compensate for the deterioration that comes with age C. The effects of age apply equally to experts and novices A. Expertise can overcome some of the detrimental effects of age but not all
Research on cab drivers indicates drivers with more experience: A. had IQs due to work B. had brains that adjusted to the need for a particular kind of knowledge C. were less effective over time as they tuned out details D. had slower processing skill B. had brains that adjusted to the need for a particular kind of knowledge
Created by: knagle90