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CRCT Science review

Hydrology and Meteorology

TermDefinition
Convection occurs when air is heated by sunlight
Clouds form when dense, cold air pushes warm air upward
The Gulf Stream is a warm ocean current that starts in the tropics
Hail is produced when water droplets freeze
Desert air there is less humidity in desert air
Temperature of liquids waters change temperature slower than solid land
Weather forecasts today weather forecasts are more accurate today do to better technology
Fronts on a weather map fronts on weather maps show boundaries between air masses
Temperature of solids absorb radiation faster than water
Global winds are produced by high pressure and low pressure
Snow occurs when temperatures are 32 degrees of below and clouds percipitate
Interior of continents have more extreme differences between winter and summer
Solar radiation produce heat on earth
How solar radiation affects things can affect both weather and climate
The Corriolis effect Global winds curve because the earth rotates on its axis
Are tides a factor in weather and climate they are not a factor. they have to do with gravitational pull
How things affect the atmosphere meteorite collisions, deforestation, and changing ocean currents all affect this
Sea and land Breezes form because the land heats and cools more quickly than the water. sea breeze occurs in the day. land breeze occurs in the night
Convection currents on the surface when air is warm the air expands and rises resulting in convection
Psychrometer measures humdity
Anemometer measures wind speed
The ocean floor continental shelf, continental slope, and abyssal plain
Humidity is water vapor in the air
Groundwater usage if ground water is used to quickly wells will dry up
No clouds in the desert because there is not enough moisture in the air for condensation
Aquifer is a large area underground that can supply water to thousands of people
Volcanoes role in the water cycle because they release water vapor into the atmosphere
Ocean currents wind and temperature variations can cause ocean currents
Earth's waters most of earths waters are located in oceans
Mineral movement minerals can move by streams rivers because water can dissolve minerals out of rock
Sea floor spreading sea floor spreading creates new ocean because magma comes the the surface and hardens
Hurricanes tropical disturbance to tropical depression then tropical storm
The Fujita scale measures tornado strength 1-5
The water cycle evaporation, condensation, precipitation, convection
City location and seasons if a city is located near the ocean the winters will be warmer and the summers will be cooler
Layers of the atmosphere the troposphere, and stratosphere
the hydrosphere is all of the water on the earths surface
The green house effect when carbon dioxide and water vapor trap the sun's heat.
Geologist someone who studies the earth
Meteorologist someone who studies weather
Salinity is the measure of how much salt is dissolved in ocean water
Longshore current is the movement of the ocean that is parallel to the beach.
Earths atmosphere eaths atmosphere is 78% nitrogen 21% is oxygen 1% is others
El Niño is the warming of the pacific ocean off the coast of south america
La Niña is the cooling of pacific ocean water off the coast of south america.
rain gauge measures how much rain has fallen
dew point is the temperature the air has to be in order for condensation
fresh water vs oceans 97% of earths waters are oceans. 3% is fresh water. only 0.03% of fresh water is drinkable
subduction occurs when one plate over under another
saffir-simpson scale measures hurricane strength 1 to 5
types of clouds cirrus(high), cumulus(middle), stratus(low).
cumulonimbus, and nimbostratus Cumulonimbus produce thunder storms. Nimbostratus produce rain clouds
Created by: Awesomepaul115